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Khayal
11-02-2007, 01:01 AM
.:arabic6:

Meeting Allaah on the Day of Judgement

http://www.islam-qa.com/

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Question:
Where is Allah? Can we meet Allah in last judgement day?

Answer:

Praise be to Allaah.
Evidence in the Qur’aan and Sunnah points to the fact that Allaah is above the heavens, seated on the Throne in a manner that befits His Majesty and Greatness. Allaah says in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning):
"The Most Beneficent istawaa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a manner that suits His majesty)."
[Ta-Ha 20:5] (For more information, please see question #992 ).
As for meeting Allaah and seeing Him: meeting Him occurs after death and on the Day of Judgement; seeing Him will occur only on the Day of Judgement. Concerning the meeting with Allaah after death, Imaam al-Bukhaari (may Allaah have mercy on him) reported in his Saheeh, in the chapter on "whoever loves to meet Allaah, Allaah loves to meet him":
From ‘Ubaadah ibn al-Saamit, from the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) who said: "Whoever loves to meet Allaah, Allaah will love to meet him, and whoever hates to meet Allaah, Allaah will hate to meet him." ‘Aa’ishah or one of his wives said: "But we all dislike the idea of death." He said, "It is not what you are thinking. When death approaches the believer and he is given the news of Allaah’s pleasure and honour, nothing will be more dear to him than what lies ahead of him, so he will love to meet Allaah and Allaah will love to meet him. But when death approaches the disbeliever and he is given the news of Allaah’s wrath and punishment, nothing will be more disliked by him that what lies ahead of him, so he will hate to meet Allaah and Allaah will hate to meet him."
(Saheeh al-Bukhaari, 6026).
The words "nothing will be more dear to him than what lies ahead of him" refer to what he will go through after death. Muslim and al-Nisaa’i report that Shurayh ibn Haani’ said: "I said to ‘Aa’ishah: ‘I have heard a hadeeth which, if it is as I heard it, means that we are doomed. The hadeeth says: "There is not one of us who does not dislike death."’ She said: ‘It is not what you think. What it means is when a person’s eyes stare without blinking, when the death rattle is in his chest and his skin and muscles contract.’ This is the state of one who is dying.
"Al-Khattaabi said: "There are different types of meeting: it may mean seeing with one’s own eyes, or it may mean resurrection, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):‘They indeed are losers who denied their meeting with Allaah…’
[al-An’aam 6:31];
or it may mean death, as Allaah says: (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Whoever hopes for the Meeting with Allaah, then Allaah’s term is surely coming…’
[al-‘Ankaboot 29:5]
and ‘Say (to them): Verily, the death from which you flee will surely meet you…’
[al-Jumu’ah 62:8]"
The meeting with Allaah (mentioned in the hadeeth quoted above) refers to something other than death, because in another hadeeth the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) said, "Death is a barrier between us and the meeting with Allaah." But when death is the means of meeting Allaah, it is described as the meeting with Allaah. Imaam Abu ‘Ubayd al-Qaasim ibn Salaam said: "The hadeeth does not refer to a dislike of death and the suffering involved, because everybody feels this way. What is being criticized here is a love and preference for this world and a dislike of the idea of moving on to Allaah and the Hereafter. This is explained by the fact that Allaah condemned people who love this life, and said (interpretation of the meaning): ‘… those who hope not for their meeting with Us, but are pleased and satisfied with the life of the present world…’
[Yoonus 10:7]."
Al-Nawawi said: "The meaning of the hadeeth is that the like and dislike referred to are those that occur at the time of death, at the stage when repentance is no longer acceptable, when the dying person is shown where he is headed. There is also some discussion in the hadeeth about the dislike of death. Whoever dislikes death because he prefers this life to the blessings of the Hereafter is condemned. Whoever dislikes death because he fears being brought to account for his shortcomings, lack of preparation and failure to carry out the commands of Allah properly, is not to blame in this case. The one who feels this way should hasten to prepare himself so that when death comes to him he will not dislike it but will love it because of the meeting with Allaah which he is hoping for after death.
The hadeeth quoted above also indicates that no living person will see Allaah in this life, but that the believers will see Him after death, as the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) said: "Death is a barrier between us and the meeting with Allaah." This fact is stated even more clearly in another hadeeth narrated by Muslim from Abu Umaamah, in which the Prophet (Peace & Blessings of Allaah be upon Him) says: "Know that you will not see your Lord until you die." The meeting with Allaah and seeing Him on the Day of Judgement is proven in many texts, such as the aayah (interpretation of the meaning):
"Some faces that Day will be naadirah (shining and radiant), looking at their Lord."
[al-Qiyaamah 75:22-23]
Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that the people said, "O Messenger of Allaah, will we see our Lord on the Day of Resurrection?" He said, "Do you have any doubts about seeing the full moon on a cloudless night?" They said, "No." He said, "Do you have any doubts about seeing the sun on a cloudless day?" They said, "No." He said, "Then you will see your Lord in the same way."
(Reported by al-Bukhaari, 764).
We ask Allaah to let us meet Him when He is pleased with us. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad SAW, InshaAllah and Aameen.


Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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islam_kurdi
12-24-2007, 10:54 PM
In the name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful,

The position of the mainstream Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah (Asha'ira and Maturidiyya) is that the vision of Allah Most High with the eyes of the head is rationally (aqlan) possible and that the believers will be blessed with this vision in the hereafter.

This vision, however, will be without encompassment (ihata) or delimitation (tahdid) within any given limit (hadd), whether from the front, the back, above, below, right, or left. Allah Most High will be seen (unlike any material being) not in place or in a direction so far as being confronted, nor by the conjunction of the rays of light, nor by a certain definite distance between the one who sees and Allah.

In other words, the believers will see Allah Most High in Paradise without our specifying how and in a manner Allah knows best. It is impossible and wrong to draw analogy for the unseen from the seen. This vision of Allah is certainly unlike the vision of material things in this world, for vision in this world requires the seen to be in a place, direction, at a specific distance, etc, whilst the vision of Allah Most High in the hereafter will be free from such restrictions. Allah Most High will enable the believers to see His esteemed self. (Culled from Mulla Ali al-Qari's Sharh Fiqh al-Akbar P: 245-246, Taftazani's Sharh al-Aqa'id al-Nasafiyya P: 131, Nuh Ali Suleyman's commentary on Jawhara al-Tawhid P: 113 and Bajuri's commentary on the Jawhara P: 114)

The above is the position that the Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama'ah scholars have always maintained. The Mu'tazila and some other groups such as the Shi'a held that Allah Most High could not be seen at all, even on the Day of Resurrection or in Paradise. They interpreted certain verses of the Qur'an erroneously, rejected some sound hadiths claiming that such vision necessitated a physical body for Allah and a direction, which He Most High is free from.
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islam_kurdi
12-24-2007, 11:24 PM
Remember, Allah does NOT resemble ANY of His creation. Therefore He does not sit, etc.

The prophet (SallAllahu'alaihiwasallam) said that nothing is above and nothing is below Allah. ---We know that with this the prophet(SAW) means it physically and not in status, because we know Allah is above everything in status. Allah is not physically/really above the ^arsh.

Imam Ja'far at-Ta77awi stated which means that Allah is not in a direction.

The first reply you got is giving you aayahs from the Holy Quran which are Mutashabih aayas. And he is giving you the apparent meaning. This is incorrect. This guy might say that we must take the attributes of Allah which are stated in the Quran with their apparent meaning. This is wrong because that will have to mean that (in other aayas in the quran) (Remember these are wrong to say!) Allah is light, Allah is closer to you than your animal, Allah is closer to you than your jugular vein, Allah is everywhere, Allah surrounds everything, etc...Wal'iyathubIllah...Hasha...These would contradict other aayahs in the Quran and other hadiths which state otherwise, like Allah doesn't resemble his creation.

Allah created everything right? Of Course! this means that he wasn't in a place or above anything before (since nothing existed before). Then when He created the ^arsh, etc. This would mean that He changes, and Allah does NOT change.




Shaykh ^Abdul-Ghaniyy an-Nabulsiyy said: "He who believes that Allah fills the heavens and earth or that He is a body sitting above al-^arsh (ceiling of Paradise; throne) is a kafir."

Imam al-Ghazaliyy said: " Allah, the Exalted, existed eternally and there was no place. He is not a body, jawhar (atom), or property, and He is not on a place or in a place."

Shaykh ^Abdul-Ghaniyy an-Nabulsiyy said: "He who believes that Allah fills the heavens and earth or that He is a body sitting above al-^arsh (ceiling of Paradise; throne) is a kafir."

Also While you refer to the book of "al-Risallah" for Imam al-Qushairiy, read his sayings "Allah, Subhanahu, exists eternaly He does not resemble any of the creations, He is not a body(laysa bi jism), He is not an atom (jawhar), He is not a property of the bodies (^arad), His attributes are not properties either, and He is not pictured in delusions or imagined in the minds, He has not direction, he is in a place, time does not elapse on Allah".

Also add to that, Sheikh Abdul-Ghaniy al-Midaniy al-Hanafiy ad-Dimashqiy who died in 298H said in his explanation to "Al-^Aqeedah at-Tahawaiyya":

"Allah is not a body. Seeing Allah is not like saying the bodies.. for the one who is in a place and a direction, would only be seen in a place and direction". That is because he is a creation. Where as Allah, he is the creator, he is seen unlike the creations are seen.





p.s. one more thing...the first reply stated that Allah sits on the ^Arsh. Where did you get this from? The one who said this was Ibn Taymiyyah in his book, Majmo^ al Fatawa, pg.374, on the 4th line (I think to the right of the line it was) THIS IS KUFR!!! Wal^iyathubIllah!


Islam is the only religion that can defeat the following statement:

If someone needs something, he is imperfect. And the imperfect does not deserve to be worshipped.

-for example (Jews) other religions might say that god took a rest on Saturday or whatever because he was tired after creating things. this means that god needs rest, therefore he is imperfect therefore he does not deserve to be worshipped.

-or (some Christians) might say that Jesus is god. Jeses needed air to breath, therefore he was imperfect, therefore he does not deserve to be worshipped.

-or idol worshippers...the statue needs someone to protect it therefor it is imperfect, therefore it does not deserve to be worshipped.

-etc.

-Now that post which says that Allah sits (hasha) on the throne, this means Allah needs it to sit on, therefore this would make Him imperfect meaning that he does not deserve to be worshipped.

and we can go on for days proving this wrong.

and Allah knows best.
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