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Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars
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    Post Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars

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    [PIE]Compiled by Jerry Bergman Ph.D.

    It is commonly claimed that no scientist rejects macroevolution or Darwinism (by which is meant evolutionary naturalism). For example, Dr. Steve Jones. professor of genetics at university college of London, said that “no scientist denies the central truth of The Origin, the idea of descent with modification... plants, animals and everything else descended from a common ancestor” (2000, p. xvii, xxiii). Other writers avoid the words “all” or “no scientist” and, instead, claim that “almost no scientist” rejects Darwinism. In an article refuting “wiccan creationism,” the author claimed that



    evolutionary theory has been confirmed to such a high degree and has such great explanatory power that it is the central organizing principle of the biological sciences today. Modern biology is basically unthinkable outside of the context of evolution and that is why it is accepted without reservations by pretty much every working scientists [sic] in the life sciences. It also isn’t really questioned in the other natural sciences, either, like physics or chemistry.



    The author then makes the following absolutist statement:



    Evolution is taken as a fact—and while there might be disagreements about some of the details of how evolution proceeds, there are no disagreements about the idea that it does occur and that it is the explanation for the diversity of life on our planet. Ashtaroth’s claim is exactly the opposite of the truth, which is that “almost no scientist puts any stock in any other attempted explanation for the diversity of life—especially creationism” (http://atheism.about.com/b/a/063194.htm. Accessed May 28, 2004, p. 1).


    This view is not an isolated example. The late Ernst Mayr, Alexander Agassiz Professor of Zoology at Harvard University, is “one of the most influential evolutionary theorists of our time” (Ferris, 2001, p. 326). Mayr declared that “no educated person any longer questions the validity of the so-called theory of evolution, which we now know to be a simple fact” (Mayr, 2001, p. 141). He has been claiming this for over 40 years—in 1967 he wrote that “evolution is accepted by every scientist” and for this reason it is no longer necessary to “enumerate painstakingly the proofs for evolution” Mayr, 1967. p. v). In 1971 Mayr claimed that he did “not know of a single well-informed person who questions the factuality of evolution” (p. 49). Not one person! Mayr defines evolution, which he calls “Darwinism,” as the rejection of “all supernatural phenomena and causations. The theory of evolution by natural selection explains the adaptedness and diversity of the world solely materialistically. It no longer requires God as creator or designer” (2001, p. 138).

    Mayr adds that “eliminating God from science made room for strictly scientific explanations of all natural phenomena” (2001, p. 138). Furthermore, Mayr concludes, the “truly outstanding achievement” of Darwinism is that his theory “makes unnecessary the invocation of ‘final causes’—that is, any teleological forces” (2001, p. 136). I was able to, with little difficulty, assemble a list of almost 3,000 scientists and professors who reject evolutionary naturalism, most of whom hold the Ph.D. degree in science. This is a small percent of the estimated 113,000 Darwin skeptics in the United States alone accordingly to Harvard researcher

    The following scientists and educators all reject “Darwinism” according to this definition of Evolutionism and Darwinism, proving Mayr’s claim that “no educated person any longer questions the validity” of Darwinism, as Mayr defines it, to be not only false, but grossly irresponsible. Yet, Mayr admitted evolution is an historical science, not an empirical science:



    Evolutionary biology, in contrast with physics and chemistry, is a historical science—the evolutionist attempts to explain events and processes that have already taken place. Laws and experiments are inappropriate techniques for the explication of such events and processes. Instead one constructs a historical narrative, consisting of a tentative reconstruction of the particular scenario that led to the events one is trying to explain (2001, p. 135).



    Given his acknowledgement of this fact, it is all the more surprising that Mayr would be so dogmatic as to the validity of Darwinism. And to give one more example, Joseph McInerney, the director of Biological Sciences Curriculum Study which publishes Biological Science: An Ecological Approach, said “creationists maintain that ‘scientists disagree about evolution.’ That is a deliberate misrepresentation of biology. In fact, all scientists accept the reality of evolution” (quoted in Hill, 1996, pp. 5,7, emphasis mine). This erroneous view has been accepted at least since 1922 when Professor George Duncan claimed that


    Evolution is well-nigh universally accepted by all scientific men as the best explanation for the facts of life. The American Association for the Advance of Science with over 1400 members, comprising most of the scientific men of the United States and Canada, affirmed, in December, 1922, without a dissenting vote, the following: “No scientific generalization is more strongly supported by thoroughly tested evidences than is that of evolution. The evidences for the evolution of man are sufficient to convince every scientist of not in the world.” ...H.F. Osborn of Columbia University writes: “Evolution has long since passed out of the domain of speculation, of hypothesis, and even of theory. It is a law of living nature as firmly and incontrovertibly established as the law of gravitation in respect to the celestial spheres” (Duncan, 1931, pp. 31-32).



    Others acknowledge that some Darwin skeptic scientists exist, but conclude that the number is very small. For example, Samuel Kounaves argues evolutionary naturalists include “99.9999 percent of the scientific community” (2005, p. 1). One would think that scientists would consult the scientific literature before they make such outrageous claims. No shortage of empirical studies on this topic exists, so it would be easy to determine Mayr’s and these other claims are false.

    The sources of this list include primarily persons of the editors acquaintance, or from their involvement in creationist or Darwin doubter organizations, or books that they have written. The list is very incomplete, and I apologize for the many omissions. I estimate that, given the time and resources, I could easily complete a list of 10,000 names. I am also on three discussion groups involving close to 400 creationists, mostly professionals or professors in the area of science, that could add another several hundred names to this list. I did not add names unless the person was out of the closet or gave his or her permission.

    On my list I have well over 3,000 names including Nobel Prize winners but, unfortunately, a large number of persons that could be added to the public list, including many college professors, did not want their name listed because of real concerns over possible retaliation or harm to their careers. Many of those who did not want their names on the public list are young academics without tenure, or academics who are concerned about if outing them could damage their career. Many on this list are secure tenured professors, teach at Christian Universities that protect their academic freedom to criticize Darwinism, or are in industry, or in a medical field where less antagonism exists to questioning Darwin. Some on this list are now involved full time in speaking and writing on origins, and no longer depend on secular employment to put bread on the family table. Many are also retired, thus no longer face retaliation for their doubts about Darwin. Some consented to include their names only if their current employment was not listed. This is an ongoing project and I greatly appreciate the contributions of the many persons who have helped me in this several year long project. I contacted most of those on this list. If they have published books or articles that clearly express doubts about Darwinism, or were active in various creation or ID movements, I did not always contact them.

    The list and the source:

    http://www.rae.org/darwinskeptics.html

    [/pie]

    Here is another very interesting website:

    [PIE]
    A Scientific Dissent From DarwinismDuring recent decades, new scientific evidence from many scientific disciplines such as cosmology, physics, biology, "artificial intelligence" research, and others have caused scientists to begin questioning Darwinism's central tenet of natural selection and studying the evidence supporting it in greater detail.

    Yet public TV programs, educational policy statements, and science textbooks have asserted that Darwin's theory of evolution fully explains the complexity of living things. The public has been assured that all known evidence supports Darwinism and that virtually every scientist in the world believes the theory to be true.

    The scientists on this list dispute the first claim and stand as living testimony in contradiction to the second. Since Discovery Institute launched this list in 2001 over 700 scientists have courageously stepped forward to sign their names. The list is growing and includes scientists from the US National Academy of Sciences, Russian, Hungarian and Czech National Academies, as well as from universities such as Yale, Princeton, Stanford, MIT, UC Berkeley, UCLA, and others.
    A Scientific Dissent From Darwinism
    "We are skeptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life. Careful examination of the evidence for Darwinian theory should be encouraged."


    http://www.dissentfromdarwin.org/
    [/PIE]
    Last edited by InToTheRain; 11-23-2007 at 01:46 PM.
    Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars

    Ward the Pirate - Muslim Warrior of the Sea
    "Go tell the King of England, go tell him this from me,
    If he reign king of all the land, I will reign king at sea."

    The Great Dive
    Shaikh Abdul Hakim Murad aka Dr Tim Winters

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    Re: Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars

    IAP STATEMENT ON THE TEACHING OF EVOLUTION

    We, the undersigned Academies of Sciences, have learned that in various parts of the world, within science courses taught in certain public systems of education, scientific evidence, data, and testable theories about the origins and evolution of life on Earth are being concealed, denied, or confused with theories not testable by science. We urge decision makers, teachers, and
    parents to educate all children about the methods and discoveries of science and to foster an understanding of the science of nature. Knowledge of the natural world in which they live empowers people to meet human needs and protect the planet. We agree that the following evidence-based facts about the origins and evolution of the Earth and of life on this planet have been established by numerous observations and independently derived
    experimental results from a multitude of scientific disciplines. Even if there are still many open questions about the precise details of evolutionary change, scientific evidence has never contradicted these results:

    1. In a universe that has evolved towards its present configuration for some 11 to 15 billion
    years, our Earth formed approximately 4.5 billion years ago.

    2. Since its formation, the Earth – its geology and its environments – has changed under the effect of numerous physical and chemical forces and continues to do so.

    3. Life appeared on Earth at least 2.5 billion years ago. The evolution, soon after, of photosynthetic organisms enabled, from at least 2 billion years ago, the slow transformation of the atmosphere to one containing substantial quantities of oxygen. In addition to the release of the oxygen that we breathe, the process of photosynthesis is the ultimate source of
    fixed energy and food upon which human life on the planet depends.

    4. Since its first appearance on Earth, life has taken many forms, all of which continue to evolve, in ways which palaeontology and the modern biological and biochemical sciences are describing and independently confirming with increasing precision. Commonalities in the structure of the genetic code of all organisms living today, including humans, clearly indicate their common primordial origin.

    1. Albanian Academy of Sciences
    2. National Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences, Argentina
    3. Australian Academy of Science
    4. Austrian Academy of Sciences
    5. Bangladesh Academy of Sciences
    6. The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium
    7. Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    8. Brazilian Academy of Sciences
    9. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
    10. RSC: The Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada
    11. Academia Chilena de Ciencias
    12. Chinese Academy of Sciences
    13. Academia Sinica, China, Taiwan
    14. Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences
    15. Croatian Academy of Arts and Sciences
    16. Cuban Academy of Sciences
    17. Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
    18. Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters
    19. Academy of Scientific Research and Technology,Egypt
    20. Académie des Sciences, France
    21. Union of German Academies of Sciences and Humanities
    22. The Academy of Athens, Greece
    23. Hungarian Academy of Sciences
    24. Indian National Science Academy
    25. Indonesian Academy of Sciences
    26. Academy of Sciences the Islamic Republic of Iran
    27. Royal Irish Academy
    28. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities
    29. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Italy
    30. Science Council of Japan
    31. Kenya National Academy of Sciences
    32. National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic
    33. Latvian Academy of Sciences
    34. Lithuanian Academy of Sciences
    35. Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts
    36. Academia Mexicana de Ciencias
    37. Mongolian Academy of Sciences
    38. Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco
    39. The Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
    40. Academy Council of the Royal Society of New Zealand
    41. Nigerian Academy of Sciences
    42. Pakistan Academy of Sciences
    43. Palestine Academy for Science and Technology
    44. Academia Nacional de Ciencias del Peru
    45. National Academy of Science and Technology,The Philippines
    46. Polish Academy of Sciences
    47. Académie des Sciences et Techniques du Sénégal
    48. Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
    49. Singapore National Academy of Sciences
    50. Slovak Academy of Sciences
    51. Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts
    52. Academy of Science of South Africa
    53. Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences of Spain
    54. National Academy of Sciences, Sri Lanka
    55. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
    56. Council of the Swiss Scientific Academies
    57. Academy of Sciences, Republic of Tajikistan
    58. The Caribbean Academy of Sciences
    59. Turkish Academy of Sciences
    60. The Uganda National Academy of Sciences
    61. The Royal Society, UK
    62. US National Academy of Sciences
    63. Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences
    64. Academia de Ciencias Físicas, Matemáticas y Naturales de Venezuela
    65. Zimbabwe Academy of Sciences
    66. African Academy of Sciences
    67. The Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS)
    68. The Executive Board of the International Council for Science (ICSU)
    http://www.interacademies.net/Object...0statement.pdf

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    Re: Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars

    The last list of Scientists that rejected evolution contained many "Computer Scientists".

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    Re: Darwin Skeptics: List of Academics, Scientists and Scholars

    Of course there will be skeptics of evolution.. There are skeptics for about everything!

    but the vast majority still believe in evolution, and it is accepted as the de facto in the science community.

    If you look at many of these lists of "scientists" against evolution, half of them are 7th grade science teachers or people who are not even in the Biology field! And obviously, most are not very well known, as they are not renowned scientists!

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