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why fasting is prescribed

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    Praise be to Allaah.

    Firstly we must note that one of the names of Allaah is al-Hakeem
    (the Most Wise). The word Hakeem is derived from the same root as
    hukm (ruling) and hikmah (wisdom). Allaah alone is the One Who
    issues rulings, and His rulings are the most wise and perfect.

    Secondly:

    Allaah does not prescribe any ruling but there is great wisdom
    behind it, which we may understand, or our minds may not be guided
    to understand it. We may know some of it but a great deal is hidden
    from us.

    Thirdly:

    Allaah has mentioned the reason and wisdom behind His enjoining of
    fasting upon us, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):

    “O you who believe! Observing As-Sawm (the fasting) is prescribed
    for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may
    become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious)”
    [al-Baqarah 2:183]

    Fasting is a means of attaining taqwa (piety, being conscious of
    Allaah), and taqwa means doing that which Allaah has enjoined and
    avoiding that which He has forbidden.

    Fasting is one of the greatest means of helping a person to fulfil
    the commands of Islam.

    The scholars (may Allaah have
    mercy on them) have mentioned some of the reasons why fasting is
    prescribed, all of which are characteristics of taqwa, but there is
    nothing wrong with quoting them here, to draw the attention of
    fasting people to them and make them keen to attain them.

    Among the reasons behind fasting are:

    1 – Fasting is a means that makes us appreciate and give thanks for
    pleasures. For fasting means giving up eating, drinking and
    intercourse, which are among the greatest pleasures. By giving them
    up for a short time, we begin to appreciate their value. Because
    the blessings of Allaah are not recognized, but when you abstain
    from them, you begin to recognize them, so this motivates you to be
    grateful for them.

    2 – Fasting is a means of giving up haraam things, because if a
    person can give up halaal things in order to please Allaah and for
    fear of His painful torment, then he
    will be more likely to refrain from haraam things. So fasting is a
    means of avoiding the things that Allaah has forbidden.

    3 – Fasting enables us to control our desires, because when a
    person is full his desires grow, but if he is hungry then his
    desire becomes weak. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of
    Allaah be upon him) said: “O young men! Whoever among you can
    afford to get married, let him do so, for it is more effective in
    lowering the gaze and protecting one’s chastity. Whoever cannot do
    that, let him fast, for it will be a shield for him.”

    4 – Fasting makes us feel compassion and empathy towards the poor,
    because when the fasting person tastes the pain of hunger for a
    while, he remembers those who are in this situation all the time,
    so he will hasten to do acts of kindness to them and show
    compassion towards them. So fasting is a means of feeling empathy
    with
    the poor.

    5 – Fasting humiliates and weakens the Shaytaan; it weakens the
    effects of his whispers (waswaas) on a person and reduces his sins.
    That is because the Shaytaan “flows through the son of Adam like
    blood” as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
    said, but fasting narrows the passages through which the Shaytaan
    flows, so his influence grows less.

    Shaykh al-Islam said in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 25/246

    Undoubtedly blood is created from food and drink, so when a person
    eats and drinks, the passages through which the devils flow – which
    is the blood – become wide. But if a person fasts, the passages
    through which the devils flow become narrow, so hearts are
    motivated to do good deeds, and to give up evil deeds.

    6 – The fasting person is training himself to remember that Allaah
    is always watching, so he gives up the things that he desires
    even though he is able to take them, because he knows that Allaah
    can see him.

    7 – Fasting means developing an attitude of asceticism towards this
    world and its desires, and seeking that which is with Allaah.

    8 – It makes the Muslim get used to doing a great deal of acts of
    worship, because the fasting person usually does more acts of
    worship and gets used to that.

    These are some of the reasons why fasting is enjoined. We ask
    Allaah to help us to achieve them and to worship Him properly.

    And Allaah knows best.

    See Tafseer al-Sa’di, p. 116; Ibn al-Qayyim’s footnotes on al-Rawd
    al-Murabba’, 3/344; al-Mawsoo’ah al-Fiqhiyyah, 28/9.
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    Re: why fasting is prescribed

    Thank you for the deeper insight may we all reval that we have been prescribed such things that teach us to be humble and show that having everything is not happiness to serve allah is...to appreciate that which allah has provided for us...
    why fasting is prescribed

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