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Ahadeeth Myths

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    Compilation of the Hadeeth

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    It is a common misconception amongst people that Ahaadeeth were collected and written down after 150 to 200 years of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) 's death. This misconception has led to people viewing hadeeth suspiciously as they surely can't be authentic as they were collected much later.

    Ahaadeeth were compiled and written down since the time of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaho alaihi wasallam), Sahabah (radiallah tala anhum) had their own scrolls or books, with the help of these scrolls and books other hadeeth books were compiled later onwards.

    At first the Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) stopped his companions (radiallah tala anhum) from writing down hadeeth. [Sahih Bukhari] then afterwards this was permitted, there is a narration regarding it.

    Prophet of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said to Abdullah bin Amr (radiallah tala anho): Write ahaadeeth, I swear by Him who holds my life in His hand, from this mouth nothing but the truth comes out. [Abu Dawood, volume 1, pg 158: Isnaad is Saheeh]

    Abdullah bin Amr (radiallah tala anho) says: We were seated near prophet of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) and were writing, in this manner was asked: which city will be first conquered, Constantinople or Rome?

    He (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: Hercules's city will be conquered first. [Darami, pg 126: Isnaad is Saheeh]

    Prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) said: Write this hadeeth and give it to Abu shah (radiallah tala anho).... [Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim]

    Ali (radiallah tala anho) says: We don't have anything but Kitab Allah and the scriptures in which are ahaadeeth of prophet of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). [Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim]

    Abu Huraira (radiallah tala anho) says: Amongst the Sahabah (radiallah tala anhum) no one narrates ahaadeeth more than I do save Abdullah bin Amr (radiallah tala anho), because he used to write them and I didn't. [Sahih Bukhari]

    Anas (radiallah tala anho) heard a hadeeth and liked it so much, he told his son to write it and he wrote it. [Sahih Muslim, Kitab ul Iman]

    Anas (radiallah tala anho) says that when Abu Bakr (radiallah tala anho) sent him to Yemen as the governor, he wrote on a scroll and gave it to him whose content was: Start with Allah 's name who is Rehman and Raheem, this is the obligation of Zakat which Prophet of Allah (sallallaho alaihi wasallam) has made on the Muslimeen and this is what Allah ordered His prophet [Sahih Bukhari, Kitab ul Zakat]

    The narrator Hamad bin Salma says: I got this book from Anas (radiallah tala anho) 's grandson Samama. [Nasai, kitab ul zakat]

    Imam Malik says: I read Omar (radiallah tala anho)'s book … [Muwatta Malik, pg 106]

    From the above few authentic narrations from many, we can conclude that ahaadeeth were being written down since the time of the prophet (sallallaho alaihi wasallam). From such scripts other famous ahaadeeth books were compiled.

    But where are these scrolls or books? When the ahaadeeth were copied and narrated into other books, it was but logical that the small compilations get absorbed in bigger compilations.

    It is not true that the Muhadditheen collected only verbally transmitted ahaadeeth, and there were no compilations in the earlier times especially the first century of the hijrah. Old compilations can be found today like Sahifa Hammaam, in this are ahaadeeth in which Imam Hamaam bin Munabbi took dictation from Abu Huraira (radiallah tala anho), this compilation is easily available for everyone to view.

    So to say that there were no compilations for ahaadeeth till the second century is just a misconception spread by helpers of shaitan so that people give up believing in ahaadeeth and interpret Quran according to their desires thus making a mockery of prophethood which is clear blasphemy. May Allah save us form such a thought. Aameen.

    And Allaah Knows Best.

    Ahadeeth Myths

    Do not argue with your Lord on behalf of your soul, rather argue with your soul on behalf of your Lord.” - Dhul-Nun

    "It is the very pursuit of happiness that thwarts happiness." - Victor Frankl

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    Re: Compilation of the Hadeeth

    Good article.
    Ahadeeth Myths

    The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
    "Surely I was sent to perfect the qualities of righteous character" [Musnad Ahmad, Muwatta Mâlik]

    Visit Ansâr Al-'Adl's personal page HERE.
    Excellent resources on Islam listed HERE.

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    Abu Omar's Avatar Full Member
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    Ahadeeth Myths

    I thought I could collect a little refutation on those who claim that the first Ahadith collections became collected around 250 A.H. They also claim that al-Bukhaari (rahimahullaah) regarded all the Ahadith which he did not include as false. These lies are spread mostly by Quran-only "Muslims", and then blindly repeated by the missionaries as parrots, mixed with their own statements. I take my info from sources which I'll insha'Allaah list at the end of this post. This post is just made as a collection of all refutations written in my own words (except if stated otherwise).

    Probably the earliest known Ahadith collection is the Sahifa of Hammam ibn Munabbih. Hammam was a student of Abu Hurairah (raa) and his Sahifa contained 138 Ahadith. Here we can also find an amazing confirmation of the reliability of the isnad system. 98 of the Ahadith in his Sahifa are also recorded in Sahih al-Bukhaari and Sahih Muslim, and almost completly identical!

    Another early Ahadith collection is the Musannaf of Abdarrazzaq as-Sani. It is also from the first century A.H.

    And we have also the well-known Muwatta of Imaam Malik ibn Anas. Malik died 179 A.H. His collection is not an outward Ahadith collection, but rather a collection of the practices of the people in Medinah. Almost all the Ahadith he collected exist in the later collections. So the conclusion is that the Ahadith started to be collected early.

    Now, the Quran-only "Muslims" boastfully claim that it is a big blow against the Ahadith collections that al-Bukhaari did only include abit of 7000 Ahadith of the 600.000 he memorized (with their isnads). Well, let al-Bukhaari speak for himself: "I only included in my book al-Jami` those that were authentic, and I left out many more authentic traditions than this to avoid unnecessary length."

    Thus, he admitted that he did not include every authentic Hadith he got hold of. This should be enough to refute those claims which are circuling, insha'Allaah.

    1. Are There Any Early Hadiths?
    2. On The Nature Of Hadith Collections Of Imam Al-Bukhari & Muslim

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    Re: Refutation of some claims regarding the Ahadith collections

    al-Salamu 'Alaikum,

    For a list of some early major Hadith-collections (improved continually), refer to http://s3.invisionfree.com/sunnipres...?showtopic=167 for example.

    Books of Hadith which are published and mentioned therein, and which precede the Sahih al-Bukhari (d.256/870) are for example:

    Ma'mar b. Rashid (d.153/770), author of al-Jami'.

    Malik b. Anas (d.179/795), author of the famous Muwatta'.

    Abdallah b. al-Mubarak (d.181/797), author of the Musnad.

    Abdallah b. Wahb al-Misri (d.197/812), author of al-Jami'.

    Abu Dawud al-Tayalisi (d.203/813), author of a well-known Musnad.

    Abd al-Razzaq al-San'ani (d.211/826), author of a voluminous Musannaf.

    al-Humaydi (d.219/834), author of a Musnad.

    Sa'id b. Mansur (d.227/842), author of a Sunan.

    And many other works.

    There are also many small collections of Hadith, containing froma dozen hadiths to a few hundreds. Those interested in these - much older - works shoudl refer to Muhammad Mustafa al-A'zami's book Studies in Early Hadith Literature.

    wa-Salamu Alaikum.

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    Re: Refutation of some claims regarding the Ahadith collections

    Hi Abu Omar !

    None should be a "Quran-only" or a "Hadith-only" Muslim. But you should bear in mind that the Quran, as declared by Allah Himself, is a fully detailed scripture, and actually it is so. The Quran tells us to be believing and righteous. The prophet has taught us how to perform the rituals of salah, hajj and jakah etc. The rest of the code of human faith and that of the conduct are mostly detailed in the Quran. So why should one be told to believe such stories, as are claimed to have been told by the prophet(pbuh) exclusively to only one person, as a part of religious rulings? Obviously, the job of the prophet was preaching the divine teachings to the public in general; not secretly or exclusively to someone. The uninterrupted isnad cannot validate such one-to-one stories as religious rulings when the same are not related publicly on the basic code of faith or conduct.
    Last edited by M H Kahn; 01-30-2006 at 06:04 PM.

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    Re: Refutation of some claims regarding the Ahadith collections

    The Quran was written by scribes.

    If we follow your logic, why should our trust be completely on these scribes?

    Shouldn't the Quran be written by each and every companion who had heard it and listened to it?
    Ahadeeth Myths

    Takumi Nakashima
    WattaquLlah(a) wa yu'allimukumuLlah(u)
    (Be Mindful of Allah and He will teach you)

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    Ahadeeth myths

    All praise is due to Allaah, and peace and blessings of Allaah be upon his Last and Final Messenger, his pure family, his noble Companions, and all those who follow them with righteousness until the Day of Judgment.
    We have undoubtedly sent down the Reminder(al-dhikr), and We will truly preserve it. (Soorah al-Hijr:9)
    This article is a humble attempt to eradicate the misconceptions that many non-Muslims and Muslims possess about the second source of the Shariah (Islaamic jurisprudence) namely the Sunnah.

    This article is by no means a comprehensive coverage of the Sunnah, but rather an introductory article dispelling the myths surrounding ahadeeth [pl. of hadeeth]. I will attempt to avoid several sections such as the command to follow the Messenger as this is discussed in great detail by Allaamah al-Albaani (May Allaah have mercy on him) in his treatise, the Status of the Sunnah in Islaam

    I pray, insha’Allaah, (God-Willing), that this article serves to remove the confusion and ignorance that the people are suffering from regarding this important issue and that it will save all those sincere seekers of truth from failing into major kufr by rejecting the ahadeeth.

    The Definition of Hadeeth

    The term hadeeth linguistically means a communication or a narrative. This is confirmed in the Glorious Qur’aan
    Let them then produce a saying (hadeeth) like unto it. (Soorah at-Tur:34)
    And when the Prophet spoke (Hadeeth) secretly to one of his wives. (Soorah at-Tahrim:3)
    In the Shariah terminology, it refers to all that is transmitted from the Prophet, his deeds, his sayings, whatever he approved. According to the Muhadditheen (scholars of hadeeth), it is synonymous with the term Sunnah.

    Myth #1 Ahadeeth were written 200 years after the Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)

    This misconception is based on the hadeeth mentioned in Saheeh Muslim (Second authenthic Hadeeth collection):
    It was narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Do not write anything from me; whoever has written anything from me other than the Qur’aan, let him erase it and narrate from me, for there is nothing wrong with that. (Narrated by Muslim, al-Zuhd wa’l-Raqaa’iq, 5326)
    Those who use this hadeeth and argue that no ahadeeth were written are ignorant of the historical temporary prohibition of this statement. The temporary prohibition was meant as a precautionary step to ensure the correctness of the word of Allaah as distinguished from the words of the Prophet himself, as both came from the lips of the Prophet. This is one view and several other views are mentioned in the commentary on Saheeh Muslim by Imaam Al-Nawawi (May Allaah have mercy on him)

    Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on Saheeh Muslim:
    Al-Qaadi said: there were many disputes among the Sahaabah and Taabi’een concerning the writing down of knowledge. Many of them regarded this as being makrooh, but most of them regarded it as permissible. This dispute is no longer an issue.

    They differed as to the meaning of this hadeeth which says that it is forbidden. It was said that this pertained to one who was sure of his memory, and there was the fear that he may rely upon what he had written if he wrote it down; the ahaadeeth which say that it is permissible to write things down is to be interpreted as referring to the one whose memory is not reliable, such as the hadeeth, “Write it down for Abu Shaah”; or the hadeeth of the saheefah of ‘Alee (may Allaah be pleased with him); the hadeeth of the book of ‘Amr ibn Hazm, which contains laws on inheritance, sunnahs and diyaat (blood money); the hadeeth about writing down charity, and the minimum amounts at which zakaah becomes obligatory (nisaab), with which Abu Bakr sent Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) to Bahrain; the hadeeth of Abu Hurayrah which says that Ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas used to ; write things down but he (Abu Hurayrah) did not write things down, and other ahaadeeth. And it was said that the hadeeth forbidding writing down ahaadeeth was abrogated by these ahaadeeth.

    The prohibition was in effect when there was the fear that (the words of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) might be mixed with the Qur’aan. When that danger was no longer present, permission was given to write down (ahaadeeth). And it was said that the prohibition mentioned in the hadeeth referred to writing ahaadeeth on the same page as Qur’aan, lest they become mixed and thus the reader would be confused when looking at this page. And Allaah knows best.

    The hadeeth of Abu Shaah was narrated by al-Bukhaari from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said:
    ‘When Allaah granted His Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) victory over Makkah, he stood before the people and praised and glorified Allaah, then he said: “Allaah protected Makkah from the elephant and has given authority to His Messenger and the believers over it, so fighting was forbidden for anyone before me, and was made permissible for me for part of a day, and it will not be permissible for anyone after me. Its game should not be chased, its thorny bushes should not be uprooted, and picking up its fallen things is not allowed except for one who makes public announcement for it, and he whose relative is murdered has the option either to accept a compensation for it or to retaliate.” Al-‘Abbas said, “Except Al-Idhkhir (a kind of plant), for we use it in our graves and houses.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Except Al-Idhkhir.” Abu Shaah, a Yemeni, stood up and said, “O Messenger of Allaah! Get it written for me.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “Write it for Abu Shaah.” (al-Luqatah, 2254)

    Ibn Hajar said: What may be understood from the story of Abu Shaah (“Write it for Abu Shaah”) is that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) gave permission for hadeeth to be written down from him.
    This contradicts the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri, which says that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, ‘Do not write down anything from me except the Qur’aan.’ (Narrated by Muslim).

    The two may be reconciled by noting that the prohibition applied only to the time when the Qur’aan was being revealed, lest it be confused with something else, and that permission was given at other times; or that the prohibition applied only to writing down things other than Qur’aan with the Qur’aan on one thing, and that permission was given to write them separately; of that the prohibition came first and the permission abrogated that, when there was no longer any fear of confusion. This is most likely to be the case.

    It was said that the prohibition applied only to those whom it was feared would depend on the writing and not memorize things, and that permission was given for those from whom such a thing was not feared.

    The scholars said: a group of the Sahaabah and Taabi’een regarded it as makrooh to write down the hadeeth and they regarded it as mustahabb to learn it from them by heart, as they had learned it. But when people were no longer able to strive so hard (in memorizing) and the scholars feared that knowledge might be lost, they compiled it in books.”
    There are countless instructions from the Prophet instructing his companions to write down some ahadeeth.
    One of the Ansaar (The Helpers) asked the Prophet if there was another way to preserve ahadeeth as he sometimes forgets them. The Prophet replied:
    Seek help from your right hand, and pointed out to a writing. (Tirmidhi)
    Raafi ibn Khadij (May Allaah be pleased with him) said:
    I said to the Prophet that we hear from you many things, should we write them down?” He replied: You may write. There is no harm. (Tadreeb ar Raawi)
    Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) narrates that the Prophet said:
    Preserve knowledge by writing. (At-Tabari Jaami ul Bayaan)
    Abu Raafi (may Allaah be pleased with him) sought permission from the Prophet to write ahadeeth and the Prophet granted him that permission (Tirmidhi)
    Salma (student of Ibn Abbaas) says:
    I saw some small wooden boards with Abdullaah Ibn Abbaas. He was writing on them some reports of the acts of the Prophet which he acquired from Abu Raafi’. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d)
    Abdullaah ibn Amr ibn al-Aas (May Allaah be pleased with him) reports that the Prophet said to him:
    Preserve Knowledge
    Abdullaah then asked,
    how should it be preserved?
    The Prophet replied,
    by writing it.
    (Mustadrik Haakim; Jaami ul Bayaan)
    In another report, he says,
    I came to the Prophet and told him, I want to narrate your ahadeeth. So, I want to take assistance of my handwriting besides my heart. Do you deem it fit for me?’
    The Prophet replied,
    If it is my hadeeth you may seek help from your hand besides your heart. (Daarimi)
    He also says:
    I used to write whatever I heard from the Prophet and wanted to learn it by heart. Some people of the Quraysh dissuaded me and said,
    Do you write everything you hear from the Prophet, while he is a human being and sometimes he may be in anger as any other human beings may be? (Abu Dawood)
    After Abdullaah ibn Amr conveyed their opinion to the Prophet, the Prophet replied by pointing to his lips and said:
    I swear by the One in whose hands is the soul of Muhammad: nothing comes out from these two (lips) except truth(haqq). So, do write. (Abu Dawood; Tabaqaat ibn Sa’d; Mustadrik ul Haakim)
    These narrations attest that ahadeeth were written during the era of the Prophet.

    I will list here the prominent compilations written in the first and second century, some written by the sahabas (the Prophet’s companions), their students (taabi’een), and the students of the taabi’een (tabaa'at-taabi'een).

    Some of the compilations during the era of the Prophet:

    The Scripts of Abu Hurairah

    Hasan ibn Amr reports that once:
    Abu Hurairah took him to his home and showed him “many books” containing the ahadeeth of the Prophet. (Jaami’ Bayaan-ul-‘Ilm; Fath-ul-Baari)
    The Script of Abdullaahi ibn Amr

    Mujahid, his student, said
    I went to Abdullaah ibn Amr and took in hand a script placed beneath his cushion. He stopped me. I said, You never save anything from me. He replied:
    This is the Saadiqah (the Script of Truth). It is what I heard from the Prophet. No other narrator intervenes between him and myself. If this script, the Book of Allaah, and wahaz (his agricultural land) are secured for me, I would never care about the rest of the world. (Jaami’ Bayaan-ul-‘Ilm)
    The Script of Anas

    Sa’eed ibn Hilal, one of his students, says:
    When we insisted upon Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) he would bring to us some notebooks and say, These are what I have heard and written from the Prophet, after which I have presented them to the Prophet for confirmation. (Mustadrik Haakim)
    The Script of Alee

    Alee said:
    I have not written anything from the Prophet except the Qur’aan and what is contained in this script. (Saheeh Bukhaaree- Book of Jihaad)
    Ibn Sa'd reports that Alee stood in the mosque and delivered a lecture then he asked the people:
    Who will purchase ‘knowledge’ for one dirham only?
    meaning, who wants to learn ahadeeth should buy writing paper for one dirham and come to him for dictation.

    It is reported that Haarith al-A’war bought some paper and came to him:
    So, Alee wrote for him a lot of knowledge. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d)
    Scripts of Jaabir

    Qataadah, one of Jaabir’s students, says,
    I remember the script of Jaabir more than I remember Surah al-Baqarah (Qur’aan). (Tahdheeb at-Tahdheeb)
    Scripts of Ibn Abbaas

    Musa ibn Uqbah says:
    Kuraib left with us a camel load of Ibn Abbaas’s books. When Alee ibn Abdullaah ibn Abbaas would need any book from them, he wrote to Kuraib, ‘Send to me such and such books.’ He would then transcribe the book and send to him one of the two copies. (Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d)
    The pupils of Ibn Abbaas would copy these scripts and read them over to him to confirm the correctness of the copies. (Tirmidhi)

    Sometimes Ibn Abbaas would narrate the ahadeeth to his pupils while they would record them. (Daarimi)

    The compilations of the First Century:

    1. Book of Khalid ibn Ma’dan (d. 104)
    2. Books of Abu Qilabah (d. 104). He bequeathed his books to his pupil, Ayyub Saktiyan (68-131 A.H.), who paid more than ten dirhams as a fare for them being loaded on a camel.
    3. The script of Hammam ibn Munabbih,
    4. Books of Hasan al-Basri (21-110 A.H.)
    5. Books of Muhammad al-Baqir (56-114 A.H.)
    6. Books of Makhul from Syria
    7. Book of Hakam ibn ‘Utaibah
    8. Book of Bukair ibn Abdullaah ibn al-Ashajj (d. 117)
    9. Book of Qais ibn Sa’d (d. 117). This book later belonged to Hammad ibn Salamah.
    10. Book of Sulaiman al-Yashkuri
    11. Al-Abwaab of Sha’bi,
    12. Books of Ibn Shihaab az-Zuhri
    13. Book of Abul-Aliyah
    14. Book of Sa’id ibn Jubair (d. 95)
    15. Books of Umar ibn ‘Abdul Aziz (61-101 A.H.)
    16. Books of Mujahid ibn Jabr (d. 103)
    17. Book of Raja ibn Hywah (d. 112)
    18. Book of Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad ibn Amr ibn Haq
    19. Book of Bashir ibn Nahik.

    The compilations of the second century (note that only the prominent ones are listed due length) :

    1. Book of Abdul Malik ibn Juraij (d. 150)
    2. Muwatta of Maalik ibn Anas (93-179)
    3. Muwatta of Ibn Abi Zi’b (80-158)
    4. Maghaazi of Muhammad ibn Ishaq (d. 151)
    5. Musnad of Rabi’ ibn Sabih (d. 160)
    6. Book of Sa’id ibn Abi ‘Arubah (d. 156)
    7. Book of Hammad ibn Salmah (d. 167)
    8. Jami’ Sufyan ath-Thauri (97-161)
    9. Jami’ Ma’mar ibn Rashid (95-153)
    10. Book of ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Awzaa’I (88-157)
    11. Kitaab az-Zuhd by Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak (118-181)
    12. Book of Hushaim ibn Bashir (104-183)
    13. Book of Jarir ibn ‘Abdul-Hamid (110-188)
    14. Book of Abdullaah ibn Wahb (125-197)
    15. Book of Yahya ibn Abi Kathîr (d. 129)
    16. Book of Muhammad ibn Suqah (d. 135)
    17. Tafsîr of Zaid ibn Aslam (d. 136)
    18. Book of Musa ibn ‘Uqbah (d. 141)
    19. Book of Ash’ath ibn ‘Abdul-Malik (d. 142)
    20. Book of Aqil ibn Khalid (d. 142)
    21. Book of Yahya ibn Sa’id Ansari (d. 143)
    22. Book of Awf ibn Abi Jamilah (d. 146)
    23. Books of Jafar ibn Muhammad al-Sadiq (d. 148)
    24. Books of Yunus ibn Yazid (d. 152)
    25. Book of ‘Abdur-Rahman al-Mas’udi (d. 160)
    26. Books of Zaidah ibn Qudamah (d. 161)
    27. Books of Ibrahim al-Tahman (d. 163)
    28. Books of Abu Hamzah al-Sukri (d. 167)
    29. Al-Gharaaib by Shu’bah ibn al-Hajjaj (d. 160)
    30. Books of Abdul-Aziz ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Majishun (d. 164)
    31. Books of Abdullaah ibn ‘Abdullaah ibn Abi Uwais (d. 169)
    32. Books of Sulaiman ibn Bilal (d. 172)
    33. Books of Abdullaah ibn Lahi’ah (d. 147)
    34. Jami’ Sufyan ibn ‘Uyainah (d. 198)
    35. Kitaab-ul-AAthaar by Imaam Abu Haneefah (d. 150)
    36. Maghaazi of Mu’tamir ibn Sulaiman (d. 187)
    37. Musannaf of Waki’ ibn Jarrah (d. 196)
    38. Musannaf of Abdur-Razzaaq ibn Hammam (136-221)
    39. Musnad of Zaid ibn Alee (76-122)
    40. Books of Imaam Shaafi’i (150-204)

    The following are available today in printed form:

    1. Al-Muwatta by Imaam Maalik.
    2. Kitaab-ul-AAthaar by Imaam Abu Haneefah.
    3. Musannaf by ‘Abdur-Razzaaq. This book has been published in eleven big volumes.
    4. As-Seerah by Muhammad ibn Ishaq.
    5. Kitaab az-Zuhd by ‘Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak.
    6. Kitaab az-Zuhd by Waki’ ibn Jarraah (3 volumes).
    7. Al-Musnad by Zaid ibn Alee (76-122).
    8. Sunan of Imaam Shaafi’i.
    9. Musnad of Shaafi’i.
    10. Siyar of Awzaa’i (88-157).
    11. Musnad of ‘Abdullaah ibn al-Mubaarak.
    12. Musnad of Abu Daawood Tayalisi (d. 204).
    13. Ar-Radd ‘ala Siyaril-Awzaa’i by Imaam Abu Yoosuf.
    14. Al-Hujjah ‘ala Ahlil-Madeenah by Imaam Muhammad ibn Hasan Shaibaani.
    15. Kitaabul-Umm by Imaam Shaafi’i.
    16. Al-Maghaazi by Waqidi (130-206) (4 volumes).

    Myth #2 Al-Hikmaah is an attribute of the Glorious Qur’aan

    The Quraniyyah (Quran-alone group) argue that Al-Hikmaah mentioned in the Glorious Qur’aan refers to the Glorious Qur’aan instead of the Sunnah. They claim that it means mere 'Wisdom' and leave it at that.

    In the linguistic sense, The term hikmaah means 'wisdom', 'aphorism', 'maxim', or 'gnome'. it is derived from the root h-k-m (haakaama) which means 'to rule or issue a judgement' and thus in the Shariah terminology, it refers to the Sunnah depending on the context.

    The definition is eloquently explained by Imaam Shaaf’ee (may Allaah have mercy on him) who comments on the ayaat regarding the Kitaab (Qur’aan) and the Hikmaah (Sunnah):
    Allaah (Exalted is He) mentioned the Kitaab, and that is the Qur'aan; He also mentioned Hikmaah. I have heard those whose opinion I trust among the people of knowledge of the Qur'aan say that Hikmaah means the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). This supports what Allaah (Exalted is He) said - and Allaah knows best - because the Qur'aan is a reminder (dhikr) and hikmaah follows it, and Allaah mentioned that He lavished favour on His creatures by teaching them the Kitaab and Hikmaah. It is therefore impermissible - and Allaah knows best - to say that Hikmaah here is anything other than the Sunnah of Allaah's Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). That is because it is coupled (maqruna) with the Kitaab, and that Allaah has made obedience to His Prophet a strict obligation, imposing upon people the absolute duty to follow his commands. Thus it is not permissible to say about anything that it is a strict obligation (fard) except about Allaah's Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) due to what we just said, namely, that Allaah has coupled belief in His Messenger with belief in Him. (al-Risala (p. 78))
    Allaah (Exalted is He) mentions the Hikmaah in several ayaat:
    Allaah has surely blessed the believers with His favor when He raised in their midst a Messenger from among themselves, who recites to them His verses and makes them pure and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom, while they were, earlier in open error. (Soorah Al-Baqaraa:164)
    He (Allaah) is the One who raised up, among the unlettered, a Messenger from among themselves who recites the verses of Allaah, and makes them pure, and teaches them the Book and the Wisdom. (Soorah al-Joomooa:2)
    Here Hikmaah is followed straight after the mentioning of Kitaab (Book). According to the Quraniyyah, it should read as:
    He (Allaah) is the One who raised up, among the unlettered, a Messenger from among themselves who recites the verses of Allaah, and makes them pure, and teaches them the Book (Qur'aan) and the Wisdom (Qur'aan) (Soorah al-Joomooa:2)
    This is grammatically incorrect since according to the Qur'aanic principle of mooghayaraa (differentiation), coupled words do not mean the same thing and indeed the Glorious Qur’aan is far above such mistakes.

    Allaah (Exalted is He) says:
    Do they not then consider the Qur'aan carefully? Had it been from other than Allaah, they would surely have found therein much contradiction. (Soorah An Nisaa: 82)
    Myth #3 The Glorious Qur’aan does not need any explanation; it is complete.

    The Quraniyyah group often introduce this claim to establish that the Glorious Qur’aan does not need any expounding based on a couple of ayaat. They seemingly twist the tafseer of these ayaat and introduce their distorted interpretation.

    The revelation (wahy) is one, meaning that they come from same source, but are distinguished between the unrecited wahy (ghayr matluww) which is the Sunnah and the recited wahy (wahy matluww) which is the Glorious Qur’aan.

    Allaah (Exalted is He) says:
    He does not speak from his desires, Verily it is inspiration (unrecited revelation) which has been revealed. (Soorah an-Najm:3-4)
    Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal (may Allaah have mercy on him) mentions in his treatise:
    And the Sunnah with us are the aathaar (narrations) of the Messenger of Allaah (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Sunnah explains and clarifies the Qur’aan. It is the guide to the Qur’aan [containing evidences and indications as to its meanings and correct interpretations.]
    Hassaan ibn Atiyyah said,
    Jibreel used to descend upon the Messenger of Allaah with the Sunnah just as he used to descend with the Qur’aan.
    Reported in Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah of Ibn Battah, p. and Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa of Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah, 3/366.
    Ibn Katheer said,
    The Sunnah is decisive over the Book of Allaah.
    Reported in ad-Daarimee, 1/144 and Ash-Sharh wal-lbaanah of Ibn Battah
    Al-Suyuti says that
    if one seeks the Quraan, he shall seek 'sunnah' because it is the commentary of the Quraan and its explanation
    Daarimi says
    that the sunnah is a Judge upon the Qur'aan and not the Qur'aan upon Sunnah. (Musnad Daarimi)

    Imaam Ghazzaali says:
    Allaah does not have two words, one in the Quraanic style which we are bidden to recite publicly, and called the Qur'aan, while the other word is not Qur'aan. Allaah has but one word which differs only in the mode of its expression. On occasions Allaah indicates His word by the Qur'aan; on others, by words in another style, not publicly recited (Sunnah), and called it the Sunnah. Both are mediated by the Prophet. (Mustasfa 1.125)

    Ibn Khaldun explains:
    The basis of all the traditional sciences is the legal material of the Qur'aan and the sunnah of the Prophet, which is the Shariah given us by Allaah and His Messenger, as well as the sciences connected with that material, by means of which we are enabled to use it. This, further, requires as auxiliary sciences the sciences of the Arabic language [that is, grammar, rhetoric, lexicography, etc.]. Arabic is the language of Islaam and the Qur'an was revealed in it.

    The different kinds of traditional sciences are numerous, because it is the duty of the responsible Muslim to know the legal obligations Allaah placed upon him and upon his fellow men. The are derived from the Qur'aan and the sunnah of the Prophet, either from the text itself or through general consensus, or a combination of the two. Thus he must first study the explicit wordingof the Quran. This is the science of Qur'aan interpretation. Then he must study the Quran, both with reference to the manner in which it has been transmitted and related on the authority of the Prophet who brought it from Allaah, and with reference to the differences in the readings of the Quran readers. This is the science of Quranic "reading."
    Without the unrecited wahy (sunnah), some of the provisions of the Shariah would have been left untouched or subjected to everyone’s opinion irrespective of their knowledge. To name an example: the command to establish the second pillar which is the salaah.

    Allaah (Exalted is He) has ordered more than 73 times to observe it and yet the explanation is nowhere mentioned in the Glorious Qur’aan. Hence, through the sunnah of the Prophet, we learn the exact way of observing the salaah.

    Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) summed up the different aspects of explanations:
    The explanation of the Qur'aan has four aspects to it. The first aspect comprises what is known by the Arabs by virtue of their language. When it is recited to the Arabs, they understand it. Then there are the explanations that no one is excused for not knowing. This includes the explanation of the verses related to Islamic legal injunctions and beliefs that people need to know. Then there are the explanations that are known only to scholars. These are subtle meanings that most people do not grasp. Then there are matters whose explanation is known only to Allaah. These are the four aspects of the explanation of the Qur’aan
    Tafseer at-Tabaree
    Thus, the Sunnah is an exposition of the Glorious Qur'aan by which its generalities are clarified and its intended meaning specified.

    Myth #4 The ahadeeth is not protected.

    Another popular belief among the Quraniyyah and the ignorant Muslims is the myth that the ahadeeth are not protected.

    They cite the ayah in Soorah al-Hijr as proof. A clear examination of the ayah proves that Allaah (Exalted is He) has promised to protect His religion which includes the Qur’aan and the Sunnah. The ayah is:
    Verily, We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr and surely, We will guard it (from corruption).(Sooraah al-Hijr:9)
    Al-Dhikr mentioned in the ayah has numerous meanings in the Glorious Qur’aan, it is sometimes for the Glorious Qur'aan as in
    And this is a blessed Reminder (al-dhikr), which We have sent down: will you then (dare to) deny it? (Sooraah al-Anbiyaah:50)
    And sometimes it is used for Sunnah, as in,
    With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also sent down unto you the Dhikr, that you may tubayyina (explain clearly) to men what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought. (Soorah An-Nahl:44)
    Ibn Hazm (May Allaah have mercy on him) said in his book ‘al-Ihkaam that
    al-dhikr is a name that comprises all that Allaah revealed to His Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) be it the Qur'aan or the Sunnah. The Sunnah is also a revelation that explains the Qur'aan
    Myth #5 Some authentic ahadeeth contradict the Glorious Qur’aan

    Many Quraniyyah shift through the two saheeh volumes and assert that some ahadeeth contradict the Glorious Qur’aan. This reveals their lack of acquaintance with the ahadeeth sciences (Usool al-Hadeeth). They do not question that their interpretation might be erroneous and instead of looking at the commentaries of these ahadeeth, they brush them as ‘contradictory’ and thus ‘false’.

    There are some apparent contradictions between narrations but that is because the sahabas narrated according to their own understanding of things that they have witnessed. A good example is the ahadeeth regarding Hajj (Pilgrimage). One of the narrators reported that the Prophet made an ifrad hajj because he heard the Prophet saying "I have presented myself in Your service to perform the Hajj". Others have narrated that the Prophet performed a qiran hajj. At the first glance, it seems contradictory since the qiran hajj is very different from the ifrad hajj, but in fact there are no contradictions between the narrations, since it is permissible for one performing qiran hajj to also say "I have presented myself in Your service to perform the Hajj"

    Such apparant contradictions can cause confusions and hence why Allaah (Exalted is He) said in the Glorious Qur'aan to refer to ahl-quraan and the ahl-ahadeeth (ahl al-dhikr):
    then ask those who possess the Message (Ahl al-Dhikr) if you do not know. (Soorah Al-Anbiya:7)
    The general public cannot identify whether the hadeeth is said in a general context or particular matter, or that it is absolute or restricted or that it is abrogating is abrogated. Only the scholars (May Allaah have mercy on them) know these matters and can distinguish which is which, contrary to the ignorant Muslims who spend all their time declaring ahadeeth that opposess their intellect as contradictory.


    Even though I have not covered the major aspects of the Sunnah, some of the misconceptions addressed are often repeated by many Muslims who are deceived by the Quraniyyah websites.

    One of the main reason that many Muslims reject the second source is because it conveys the huddud punishments such as stoning and flogging so they reject to suit the desires of their masters (the enemies of Islaam).

    They are ashamed that they might be called 'backwards' by their peers so they try to misinterpret the Glorious Qur'aan and the Sunnah.

    Allaah (Exalted is He) addresses this:
    Indeed, We have brought the Truth to you but most of them have a hatred for the Truth (al-Zukhruf:78)
    And remember the words of the Prophet:
    Fa-tooba lil-ghurabaa (tooba is for the Strangers)
    Praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds.

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    E'jaazi's Avatar Full Member
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    Re: Ahadeeth myths

    Masha Allah Brother!

    Allow me to add the following: When speaking to the people who do not accept the hadiths, you may want to pose these questions to them;

    1) Do you make salah? If they answer yes, then ask them in what matter do they make salah. If it is the same as you or I, then ask them where did they get all the details of the salah, such as what to say, when to say it, how many rakah, what to say after every two rakah and so forth. The answer is from the hadiths which outline and detail the Sunnah of the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhe wa Sallam)

    2) Ask them how they make wudoo. Although it is mentioned in the Qu'ran, the details to make a full and proper wudoo can only be found in the hadiths.

    3) Ask them if they have more knowledge than the Sahaba. If they answer no, and truly they will, then ask them, if the Qu'ran alone sufficed, then why did the Sahaba spend so much time asking the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhe wa Sallam) so many questions, to which the Prophet (Salallahu Alayhe wa Sallam) gave detailed answers and never told them "Go read the Qu'ran for the answer!"

    Insha Allah, Allah will guide whom He wills to the pure and simple truth. We can only provide the info and hope to receive the blessings.

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