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Entering Jannah because of Deeds or Allah's Mercy
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  1. #1
    Danah's Avatar
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    Entering Jannah because of Deeds or Allah's Mercy

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    The prophet - peace and blessing upon him - said :

    “No one will enter jannah (heaven) for his deeds ('بعمله') ! ”.
    People said : “even you, messenger of Allah ?”
    “Even me !” , he said, “unless Allah wraps me with His mercy”.

    So, how to concord between this hadeeth and the other texts indicating that a person will enter Jannah for his actions ?

    The scholars - may Allah have mercy on them - who are the most descerning of the rules of islam, and who are the doctors of the hearts and the bodies, taught by Allah, said :
    " the 'for' (the 'ب' in 'بعمله') appeared in "for his deeds" can have two meanings :
    it can be used for causality (because of), and it can also be used for substitution (in return for / as equivalent for). "

    So, if you say : “I sold you this book for one dirham”, this is for substitution.
    And if you say : “I honor you, for you have honored me”. this one is for causality.

    As for the fact of entering Jannah for our deeds, it is rather about causality and not substitution.

    They (the scholars) said : " the meaning of the hadeeth of the prophet - peace and blessing be upon him - : "no one will enter Jannah for his deeds" is meant to deny the substitution. Because, if Allah - Almighty - wanted to give people a reward exactly equivalent to their good actions, then one single grace of Allah in this life should have overweighed all their good deeds. "

    I give the example of the gift of breathing : It's a great gift, and no one is really aware how great it is, except the people who suffer from breathing difficulties, and you can ask those people having this disease how much pain they experience from it.

    And the hale person who is not affected by this disease does not feel the slightest inconvenience while he is enjoying this gift, so he can breathe while talking and when he is eating and he does not feel anything.
    That gift, no matter how many good deeds you made, you will not recompense it, for it's a continuous and permanent gift.

    And (also) we say, if you are guided to do good deeds, then this (guidance) – itself - is a grace given to you by Allah, from which too many people are strayed.
    And if every grace requires a thanking, then your ability to thank Allah for a grace He gave you is itself a grace which needs another thanking, and so on. That's why a poet said :

    “If my thanking for Allah's gift
    is itself a gift from His part,
    which requires a thanking too,
    Then How can I accomplish
    His thanking without His succor,
    no matter how long my days were
    and my life last.”

    Translated from the book of "the explanation of the fourty Nawawi Hadeeth" by Sheikh Ibn Uthaimin by Allah have mercy on him.

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  3. #2
    Abu Fauzi's Avatar
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    Re: Entering Jannah because of Deeds or Allah's Mercy

    As-Salaam alaikum,
    Yes, none of the Ayats of the Holy Qur'an contradict that Hadith in which the Noble Prophet, Sallallahu alaihi Wasallam, said:--
    "None of you shall be saved by his works..." as quoted in the above topic.

    The Qur'anic Ayats or verses quoted such as 7:43, 16:32 do NOT contradict this Hadith. Rather, they indicate that entering Paradise is because of works... good deeds... but Divinely given success (tawfiq) to do the works, and being guided to have sincerity in the works are at the Mercy of Allah and His favor.. without which these works will amount to nothing. Note this well.
    Best Wishes.

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    talibilm's Avatar
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    Re: Entering Jannah because of Deeds or Allah's Mercy

    Its known from hadith if even a person does ibadha ( for 100 s of years i forgot ) or sujood all his life still it cannot repay Allahs gifts on him .

    Also not to forget Al qadar so sahabas asked about it and here are the answers

    The Book of Destiny (Kitab-ul-Qadr) Muslim :: Book 33 : Hadith 6411 Abu Huraira reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There was an argument between Adam and Moses (peace be upon both of them) in the presence of their Lord. Adam came the better of Moses. Moses said: Are you that Adam whom Allah created with His Hand and breathed into him His sprit, and commanded angels to fall in prostration before him and He made you live in Paradise with comfort and ease. Then you caused the people to get down to the earth because of your lapse. Adam said: Are you that Moses whom Allah selected for His Messengership and for His conversation with him and conferred upon you the tablets, in which everything was clearly explained and granted you the audience in order to have confidential talk with you. What is your opinion, how long Torah would haye been written before I was created? Moses said: Forty years before. Adam said: Did you not see these words: Adam committed an error and he was enticed to (do so). He (Moses) said: Yes. Whereupon, he (Adam) said: Do you then blame me for an act which Allah had ordained for me forty years before He created me? Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: This is how Adam came the better of Moses.

    Volume 8, Book 77, Number 611:
    Narrated Abu Huraira:
    The Prophet said, "Adam and Moses argued with each other. Moses said to Adam. 'O Adam! You are our father who disappointed us and turned us out of Paradise.' Then Adam said to him, 'O Moses! Allah favored you with His talk (talked to you directly) and He wrote (the Torah) for you with His Own Hand. Do you blame me for action which Allah had written in my fate forty years before my creation?' So Adam confuted Moses, Adam confuted Moses," the Prophet added, repeating the Statement three times.

    Muslim :: Book 33 : Hadith 6400'Ali reported that one day Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) was sitting with a wood in his hand and he was scratching the ground. He raised his head and said: There is not one amongst you who has not been allotted his seat in Paradise or Hell. They said: Allah's Messenger. then, why should we perform good deeds, why not depend upon our destiny ? Thereupon he said. No, do perform good deeds, for everyone is facilitated in that for which he has been created; then he recited this verse:" Then, who gives to the needy and guards against evil and accepts the excellent (the truth of Islam and the path of righteousness it prescribes), We shall make easy for him the easy end..." (92:5xcii. 5-10).

    So None enters jannah without the Mercy of Allah
    Last edited by talibilm; 07-15-2017 at 03:16 PM.

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