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    Banu Quraiza

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    why was the tribe of Banu Quraiza attacked?



    Read something in wikipedia.
    Last edited by Bittersteel; 08-16-2005 at 04:04 PM.

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    Re: Banu Quraiza


    Read the following articles:
    http://understanding-islam.com/relat...79&sscatid=149
    http://faithfreedom.com/ali_sina_exp...about_jews.htm
    http://www.bismikaallahuma.org/Histo...th-qurayza.htm
    http://www.bismikaallahuma.org/History/Jews/qurayza.htm

    I'll paste the third article since its nice and short:
    _______________________

    Myths & Facts About the Banu Qurayzah

    Mohd Elfie Nieshaem Juferi


    Last updated: 14th February 2005


    The Christian missionaries have been making a lot of noise about the circumstances surrounding the Banu Qurayzah. It is a wonder that even after countless of explanations on the matter, they still want to play on this old, tired polemic. Regardless, it is about time that an answer is given to checkmate the nonsense surrounding the issue once and for all. Here, we shall attempt to address the myths about the Banu Qurayzah and establish the real facts, as follows.

    1. MYTH:

    The Banu Qurayza are innocent victims who perished under the sword of Muhammad(P)

    FACT:

    Not true at all. On the contrary, the Banu Qurayzah prior to the incident of their so-called "massacre" attempted to betray the Muslims by openly aligning themselves with the Confederate armies (consisting of the pagan Quraysh and their allies) during the beseiging of the city of Madinah, known in history as the "War of the Confederates" (al-Harb al-Adzhaab). This is a significant act of treason, because they had earlier pledged to uphold the Madinan Covenent with the Muslims, which stipulates cooperation and an alliance if the Muslims in Madinah were attacked by a foreign force.

    2. MYTH:

    The Prophet(P)ordered this punishment of the Banu Qurayza.

    FACT:

    Wrong. It was a Companion of the Prophet(P) by the name Saad ibn Muaz(R), an Ansar and the ally of the Banu Quraizah, who did that after the Banu Qurayzah leaders met with him and agreed to submit to whatever his judgement would be for their crimes against the Muslims.

    3. MYTH:

    The "massacre" was ordered on Muhammad's says-so. This is because Muhammad feared the Jews and recognised that they were a threat to his political dominance.

    FACT:

    The claim is of no substance apart from being a blasphemous lie. It is clear that Saad ibn Muaz(R) have administered the punishment in accordance with Jewish law as found in the Torah. The law is:

    "When the Lord thy God hath delivered it unto thy hands, thou shalt smite every male therein with the edge of the sword: but the women, and the little ones and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself." (Deuteronomy 20:12)

    It is therefore clear that Muslims are not to be blamed for administering a Law that is found within the Jewish scripture itself upon the Jews who had earlier agreed to submit to Saad ibn Muaz's judgement.

    4. MYTH:

    The Prophet(P) allowed this Law to be passed because he was inhuman and unmerciful.

    FACT:

    The reason why the Prophet(P) allowed judgement according to Jewish law was because the Banu Qurayzah were Jews, and in their initial agreement with the Prophet(P), they were allowed their own system of law according to the Torah. The Prophet(P) neither influenced the decision nor was he involved in any stage of the decision-making, as the representatives of Banu Qurayzah did not seek his judgement.

    And only God knows best!
    Banu Quraiza

    The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
    "Surely I was sent to perfect the qualities of righteous character" [Musnad Ahmad, Muwatta Mâlik]


    Visit Ansâr Al-'Adl's personal page HERE.
    Excellent resources on Islam listed HERE.

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    Re: Banu Quraiza

    brother were children and women and aged men killed too?

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    Re: The Jews of Medina

    Quote Originally Posted by evangel View Post
    What made Mohammed go after the three clans of Jews in Medina?
    Hi,
    He didn't just 'go after' the three tribes. When Prophet Muhammad pbuh first came to Madinah (the hijrah) and established the Islamic state he made a covenant and peace agreement with the 3 tribes. They were all to live in peace and defend the city together.
    Dr. M. Hamidullah explains the following points:
    When the Prophet Mohammed settled down in Medina, he found there complete anarchy, the region having never known before either a State or a king to unite the tribes torn by internecine feuds. In just a few weeks, he succeeded in rallying all the inhabitants of the region into order. He constituted a city state, in which Muslims, Jews, pagan Arabs and also probably a small number of Christians, all entered into a statal organism by means of a social contract. The constitutional law of this first 'Muslim' State - which was the confederacy as a sequence of the multiplicity of the population groups - has come down to us in toto, and we read therein not only in clause 25: "to Muslims their religion, and to Jews their religion," or, "that there would be benevolence and justice," but even the unexpected passage in the same clause 25: "the Jews . . . are a community (in alliance) with - according Ibn Hisham and in the version of Abu-'Ubaid, a community (forming part) of - the believers (i.e., Muslims)." The very fact that, at the time of the constitution of this city-state, the autonomous Jewish villages acceded of their free will to the confederal State, and recognized Muhammad as their supreme political head, implies in our opinion that the non-Muslim subjects possessed the right of votes in the election of the head of the Muslim State, at least in so far as the political life of the country was concerned. (Hamidullah, Introduction to Islam, paragraphs 414-416)
    During the life of Prophet Muhammad, there was a Jewish synagogue in Madinah and an educational institute known as Bait Al-Midras. The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) preserved and protected both of them.

    After the Battle of Badr (2nd year after hijrah) when the Muslims triumphed over the Makkan polytheists, the Jews of Banu Qaynuqa began to display open hostility with the Muslims. When the Prophet Muhammad pbuh went to them an requested them to honor their pact they replied by saying, "Those people with whom you fought were inexperienced and ignorant of the ways of warfare, which allowed you to score an easy victory. If you fight us we would teach you a lesson." They then fortified themselves in their quarters and the Muslims surrounded them and laid siege. None of the other Jewish tribes assisted the tribe of Banu Qaynuqa because they recognized the clear violation of the treaty on the part of the latter. The Banu Qaynuqa tribes realized they couldn't hold up and they surrendered. Instead of taking prisoners and slaves as other contemporary leaders would have done to their vanquished enemies, the Prophet Muhammad pbuh allowed them to take their belongings and leave Madinah.

    After the Battle of Uhud (3rd year after hijrah), when the Muslims had a less favorable outcome in their battle with the Makkans, the Jews of Banu Nadeer attempted to take advantage of the Muslim's weakness and assasinate the Prophet Muhammad pbuh when he visited them. The Prophet pbuh escaped and issued a 10-day ultimatum for the tribe of Banu Nadeer to leave Madinah. However, the Prophet Muhammad pbuh even allowed them to retain all their property and appoint agents to look after their farms. The Banu Nadeer however consulted with Abdullah Ibn Ubayy Ibn Salul, the leader of the hypocrites in Madinah. The latter told them that he had 2000 fighters who would assist them against Prophet Muhammad and he also assured them the Ghatafan would come to their aid. The tribe of Banu Nadeer, feeling confident that they could destroy the Muslims, rejected the Prophet's ultimatum and prepared for war. The Muslims laid siege to their quarters during which time they recieved none of the promised support from Abdullah Ibn Ubayy or his allies. After 26 days they surrendered and asked to leave under the original conditions. This was no longer reasonable since they themselves had rejected the Propet's offer. Thus they were to leave with whatever belonging they could take with them, and their land was turned over to the Muslims. And yet, the Prophet still did not enslave them, take them prisoner or spill any blood in this conflict. He was always keen to find a peaceful situation.

    In the 5th year after hijrah, an alliance was made between the arab tribes of Ghatafan, the Quraysh of Makkah, the Jews of Khaybar (which included the exiled tribe of Banu Nadeer), the arabs of Sulaym, Asad, Ashja' and Fazarah. Together, this coalition raised a massive army of 10 000 soldiers to march against and annihilate the Muslims once and for all. The Muslims could not face such an immense force and consequently they dug a trenche around the northern part of the city to defend themselves. The coalition forces laid siege to the Muslims in the battle known as Al-Khandaq. The Muslims had only protected the norther part of the city as their allies, the last Jewish tribe called Banu Qurayzah, lay to their south beyond the orchards. However, the coalition forces were able to persuade the Banu Qurayzah to break their treaty with the Muslims and attack them from behind. The Banu Qurayzah had the ability to attack the undefended Muslim city - occupied now only by women and children - from the south.

    When rumours spread that Banu Qurayzah had broken their peace treaty with the Prophet Muhamamd pbuh and had joined the coalition of forces surrounding the Muslim city of Madinah, the Prophet pbuh was distressed and sent to them four of his companions as a delegation to request them to honor their treaty. Sa'd ibn Mu'âdh [chief of the 'Aws tribe], Sa'd ibn 'Ubâdah [chief of the khazraj tribe], Abdullah ibn Rawâhah and Khawât ibn Jubayr were the four members of the delegation.

    The Banu Qurayzah treated the delegation rudely, disavowed all past treaties with the Prophet, and began to exchange insults with Sa'd ibn 'Ubâdah. Sa'd ibn Mu'âdh interrupted saying that the matter was far too serious than to enter into a petty exchange of insults. He pleaded with the Banu Qurayzah but to no avail; they began to abuse him using the most vulgar and obscene language. Sa'd ibn Mu'âdh said, "You would have been well advised to use better language." With that, they left and conveyed their sad report secretly to the Prophet pbuh to avoid causing more fear to spread in amongst the Muslims who already had an army of 10 000 camped on their doorstep and were now open to attack from the Banu Qurayzah behind them.

    The Banu Qurayzah sent some of their fighters in to the undefended city to attack the Muslims. A Muslim woman, Safiyyah bint Abdul-Muttalib, saw one of the Qurayzah warriors creeing about the quarters of the Muslim women. She managed to kill him and the others fled thinking that the Muslims had left men to guard the rear as well. (Ibn Sayyid al-Nâs, 'Uyûn Al-Athar, pp. 89).

    After the coalition forces had disbanded, given up the siege and left, the Muslims surrounded the quarters of the Banu Qurayzah and laid siege to them. Those amongst the Banu Qurayzah who had opposed their tribe's violation of the treaty were allowed to leave freely but the remaining warriors were killed. The Muslims had seen how leniency failed with the previous tribes who had gathered up their forces to launch another attack on the Muslims. The Banu Qurayzah had also witnessed this and despite all that they still chose to violate their treaty with the Muslims.

    I hope this helps.

    Regards
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    Banu Quraiza

    The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:
    "Surely I was sent to perfect the qualities of righteous character" [Musnad Ahmad, Muwatta Mâlik]


    Visit Ansâr Al-'Adl's personal page HERE.
    Excellent resources on Islam listed HERE.

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    Truth about The “massacre” of Banu Qurayza



    Truth About The “Massacre” of Banu Qurayza
    by: `Abd al-Azeez

    Alot has been said about the so called “massacre” of Banu Qurayza, anti-Islamic sites such as ------- and the Islamaphobe site which goes by the name ------- and in general about the Prophets (saw) treatment of the Jewish Tribes. This old fruitless polemic has been re-used many times before this article will expose the myths of what happened to the Jewish tribe and it will reveal the truth about the “massacre” of Banu Qurayza.

    1. MYTH:

    The Banu Qurayza are innocent victims who perished under the sword of Muhammad (saw).

    FACT:

    Not true at all. On the contrary, the Banu Qurayza prior to the incident of their so-called "massacre" attempted to betray the Muslims by aligning themselves with the Confederate armies (consisting of the pagan Quraysh and their allies) during the beseiging of the city of Madinah, known in history as the "War of the Confederates" (al-Harbul al-Adzhaab). This is a significant act of treason, because they had earlier pledged to uphold the Madinan Covenet with the Muslims, which stipulates cooperation and an alliance if Muslims were attacked by a foreign force.

    2. MYTH:

    The Prophet (saw) ordered this punishment of the Banu Qurayza.

    FACT:

    Wrong. It was the Companion of the Prophet (saw), Sa'd bin Mu'adh , an Ansar and the ally of the Banu Quraiza, who did that after the Banu Qurayza leaders met with him and agreed to submit to whatever his judgement would be for their crimes against the Muslims. This haidth from Sahih Muslim elaborates:

    ‏ ‏و حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة ‏ ‏ومحمد بن المثنى ‏ ‏وابن بشار ‏ ‏وألفاظهم متقاربة ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏أبو بكر ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏غندر ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏و قال ‏ ‏الآخران ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏محمد بن جعفر ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏سعد بن إبراهيم ‏ ‏قال سمعت ‏ ‏أبا أمامة بن سهل بن حنيف ‏ ‏قال سمعت ‏ ‏أبا سعيد الخدري ‏ ‏قال ‏
    ‏نزل أهل ‏ ‏قريظة ‏ ‏على حكم ‏ ‏سعد بن معاذ ‏ ‏فأرسل رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إلى ‏ ‏سعد ‏ ‏فأتاه على حمار فلما دنا قريبا من المسجد قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏للأنصار ‏ ‏قوموا إلى سيدكم ‏ ‏أو خيركم ‏ ‏ثم قال إن هؤلاء نزلوا على حكمك قال تقتل مقاتلتهم ‏ ‏وتسبي ‏ ‏ذريتهم قال فقال النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قضيت بحكم الله وربما ‏ ‏قال قضيت بحكم الملك ‏ ‏ولم يذكر ‏ ‏ابن المثنى ‏ ‏وربما قال قضيت بحكم الملك ‏
    ‏و حدثنا ‏ ‏زهير بن حرب ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏عبد الرحمن بن مهدي ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏بهذا الإسناد وقال في حديثه فقال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏لقد حكمت فيهم بحكم الله وقال مرة لقد حكمت بحكم الملك ‏

    ----------

    Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:
    The people of Quraizhah surrendered and accepted that their fate be decided based on the judgement of Sa'd bin Mu'adh about them. Accordingly, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sent for Sa'd who came to him riding a donkey. When he approached the mosque, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to the Ansar: Stand up to receive your chieftain. Then he said (to Sa'd): These people have surrendered accepting your decision. He (Sa'd) said: Let their fighters be killed and their women and children be kept as slaves. (Hearing this), the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: You have adjudged by the command of Allah. The narrator is reported to have said: Perhaps he said: You have adjudged by the decision of the King. Ibn Al-Muthanna did not mention the phrase: "or perhaps he said: You adjudged by the decision of the King."

    SOURCE

    3. MYTH:

    The "massacre" was ordered by Muhammad's says-so. This is because Muhammad feared the Jews and recognised that they were a threat to his political dominance.

    FACT:

    It is nothing but a blasphemous lie. It is clear that Sa'd bin Mu'adh had administered the punishment in accordance with Jewish law as found in the Torah. The law is:

    "When the Lord thy God hath delivered it unto thy hands, thou shalt smite every male therein with the edge of the sword: but the women, and the little ones and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself" (Deuteronomy 20:12)

    It is therefore clear that Muslims are not to be blamed for administering a Law that is found within the Jewish scripture itself upon the Jews who had earlier agreed to submit to Sa'd bin Mu'adh's judgement.

    4. MYTH

    The Prophet (saw) allowed this Law to be passed because he was inhuman and unmerciful.

    FACT:

    The reason why the Prophet (saw) allowed judgement according to Jewish law was because the Banu Qurayza were Jews, and in their initial agreement with the Prophet (saw), they were allowed their own system of law according to the Torah.

    Allahu Alim


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    Re: Banu Quraiza

    ONLY THE MEN WERE KILLED. ON THAT faith freedom site it says that Saa'd said the "fighting men" were to be killed and in a sahih hadith it says all the combatants of the tribe were killed, then why is it said that all the men were killed which it would clearly indicate in the following hadith...

    Sunan Abu-Dawud Book 38, Number 4390
    Narrated Atiyyah al-Qurazi:

    I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed, and those who had not were not killed. I was among those who had not grown hair.

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    Re: Banu Quraiza

    Quote Originally Posted by Ansar Al-'Adl View Post

    2. MYTH:

    The Prophet(P)ordered this punishment of the Banu Qurayza.

    FACT:

    Wrong. It was a Companion of the Prophet(P) by the name Saad ibn Muaz(R), an Ansar and the ally of the Banu Quraizah, who did that after the Banu Qurayzah leaders met with him and agreed to submit to whatever his judgement would be for their crimes against the Muslims.
    Also another point that you could mention about this is the fact that Sa'ad ibn Muadh was the leader of the Aws tribe in Madeenah before the prophet (salallahu alayhe wa sallam) entered. Whenever the Aus and Khazraj would get into arguments/wars in Madeenah, the Banu Qurayzah would side with the Aws, hence siding with Sa'ad ibn Muadh.

    The prophet (salallahu alayhe wa sallam) chose Sa'ad ibn Muadh to make the judgment about the Banu Qurayzah. The Jews easily accepted this agreement because they thought Sa'ad would be more lenient towards them since they were good friends during "pre-Islamic Madeenah".

    Notice, however, that there were multiple tribes of the Jews in Madeenah. Banu Qaynuqah, Banu Nadeer (there were more, but they were a vast minority). The other two tribes breached the agreement by either attempting to kill the prophet (sallahu alayhe wa sallam) and exposing a Muslim woman in a marketplace that she became naked. A Muslim man ran to her rescue and was killed on the spot.

    Their punishment was that they were evicted from Madeenah. Why? Allahu Alim, but what I can think of is that it involved one person (killing of the man and attempting to kill the prophets [salallahu alayhe wa sallam] life). The breach that the Banu Qurayzah did involved the ENTIRE community of Muslims in Madeenah. If they were successful in their agreement with the Quraish of Madeenah, then the entire city of Madeenah would have been eradicated.

    Excellent book to read up on this and many other aspects of the seerah is a book entitled, "Muhammad: Man and Prophet" by Adil Salahi. Personally, I believe it combines the superior language of Martin Lings book with the authenticity of Mubbarakpuri's book (may Allah forgive both of them, ameen). You can find the book here.

    And Allah knows best...

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    Re: Truth about The “massacre” of Banu Qurayza

    Quote Originally Posted by `Abd al-Azeez View Post


    Truth About The “Massacre” of Banu Qurayza
    by: `Abd al-Azeez

    Alot has been said about the so called “massacre” of Banu Qurayza, anti-Islamic sites such as ------- and the Islamaphobe site which goes by the name ------- and in general about the Prophets (saw) treatment of the Jewish Tribes. This old fruitless polemic has been re-used many times before this article will expose the myths of what happened to the Jewish tribe and it will reveal the truth about the “massacre” of Banu Qurayza.

    1. MYTH:

    The Banu Qurayza are innocent victims who perished under the sword of Muhammad (saw).

    FACT:

    Not true at all. On the contrary, the Banu Qurayza prior to the incident of their so-called "massacre" attempted to betray the Muslims by aligning themselves with the Confederate armies (consisting of the pagan Quraysh and their allies) during the beseiging of the city of Madinah, known in history as the "War of the Confederates" (al-Harbul al-Adzhaab). This is a significant act of treason, because they had earlier pledged to uphold the Madinan Covenet with the Muslims, which stipulates cooperation and an alliance if Muslims were attacked by a foreign force.

    2. MYTH:

    The Prophet (saw) ordered this punishment of the Banu Qurayza.

    FACT:

    Wrong. It was the Companion of the Prophet (saw), Sa'd bin Mu'adh , an Ansar and the ally of the Banu Quraiza, who did that after the Banu Qurayza leaders met with him and agreed to submit to whatever his judgement would be for their crimes against the Muslims. This haidth from Sahih Muslim elaborates:

    ‏ ‏و حدثنا ‏ ‏أبو بكر بن أبي شيبة ‏ ‏ومحمد بن المثنى ‏ ‏وابن بشار ‏ ‏وألفاظهم متقاربة ‏ ‏قال ‏ ‏أبو بكر ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏غندر ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏و قال ‏ ‏الآخران ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏محمد بن جعفر ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏سعد بن إبراهيم ‏ ‏قال سمعت ‏ ‏أبا أمامة بن سهل بن حنيف ‏ ‏قال سمعت ‏ ‏أبا سعيد الخدري ‏ ‏قال ‏
    ‏نزل أهل ‏ ‏قريظة ‏ ‏على حكم ‏ ‏سعد بن معاذ ‏ ‏فأرسل رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏إلى ‏ ‏سعد ‏ ‏فأتاه على حمار فلما دنا قريبا من المسجد قال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏للأنصار ‏ ‏قوموا إلى سيدكم ‏ ‏أو خيركم ‏ ‏ثم قال إن هؤلاء نزلوا على حكمك قال تقتل مقاتلتهم ‏ ‏وتسبي ‏ ‏ذريتهم قال فقال النبي ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏قضيت بحكم الله وربما ‏ ‏قال قضيت بحكم الملك ‏ ‏ولم يذكر ‏ ‏ابن المثنى ‏ ‏وربما قال قضيت بحكم الملك ‏
    ‏و حدثنا ‏ ‏زهير بن حرب ‏ ‏حدثنا ‏ ‏عبد الرحمن بن مهدي ‏ ‏عن ‏ ‏شعبة ‏ ‏بهذا الإسناد وقال في حديثه فقال رسول الله ‏ ‏صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ ‏لقد حكمت فيهم بحكم الله وقال مرة لقد حكمت بحكم الملك ‏

    ----------

    Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri, may Allah be pleased with him, reported:
    The people of Quraizhah surrendered and accepted that their fate be decided based on the judgement of Sa'd bin Mu'adh about them. Accordingly, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) sent for Sa'd who came to him riding a donkey. When he approached the mosque, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to the Ansar: Stand up to receive your chieftain. Then he said (to Sa'd): These people have surrendered accepting your decision. He (Sa'd) said: Let their fighters be killed and their women and children be kept as slaves. (Hearing this), the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: You have adjudged by the command of Allah. The narrator is reported to have said: Perhaps he said: You have adjudged by the decision of the King. Ibn Al-Muthanna did not mention the phrase: "or perhaps he said: You adjudged by the decision of the King."

    SOURCE

    3. MYTH:

    The "massacre" was ordered by Muhammad's says-so. This is because Muhammad feared the Jews and recognised that they were a threat to his political dominance.

    FACT:

    It is nothing but a blasphemous lie. It is clear that Sa'd bin Mu'adh had administered the punishment in accordance with Jewish law as found in the Torah. The law is:

    "When the Lord thy God hath delivered it unto thy hands, thou shalt smite every male therein with the edge of the sword: but the women, and the little ones and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself" (Deuteronomy 20:12)

    It is therefore clear that Muslims are not to be blamed for administering a Law that is found within the Jewish scripture itself upon the Jews who had earlier agreed to submit to Sa'd bin Mu'adh's judgement.

    4. MYTH

    The Prophet (saw) allowed this Law to be passed because he was inhuman and unmerciful.

    FACT:

    The reason why the Prophet (saw) allowed judgement according to Jewish law was because the Banu Qurayza were Jews, and in their initial agreement with the Prophet (saw), they were allowed their own system of law according to the Torah.

    Allahu Alim

    The claim that Mohammad was using Jewish Law is ludicrous!!!

    Deuteronomy 20:12 is in relation to Israels enemies as stated in verse 1.


    Deuteronomy 20
    Going to War
    1 When you go to war against your enemies and see horses and chariots and an army greater than yours, do not be afraid of them, because the LORD your God, who brought you up out of Egypt, will be with you. 2 When you are about to go into battle, the priest shall come forward and address the army. 3 He shall say: "Hear, O Israel, today you are going into battle against your enemies. Do not be fainthearted or afraid; do not be terrified or give way to panic before them. 4 For the LORD your God is the one who goes with you to fight for you against your enemies to give you victory."
    5 The officers shall say to the army: "Has anyone built a new house and not dedicated it? Let him go home, or he may die in battle and someone else may dedicate it. 6 Has anyone planted a vineyard and not begun to enjoy it? Let him go home, or he may die in battle and someone else enjoy it. 7 Has anyone become pledged to a woman and not married her? Let him go home, or he may die in battle and someone else marry her." 8 Then the officers shall add, "Is any man afraid or fainthearted? Let him go home so that his brothers will not become disheartened too." 9 When the officers have finished speaking to the army, they shall appoint commanders over it.

    10 When you march up to attack a city, make its people an offer of peace. 11 If they accept and open their gates, all the people in it shall be subject to forced labor and shall work for you. 12 If they refuse to make peace and they engage you in battle, lay siege to that city. 13 When the LORD your God delivers it into your hand, put to the sword all the men in it. 14 As for the women, the children, the livestock and everything else in the city, you may take these as plunder for yourselves. And you may use the plunder the LORD your God gives you from your enemies. 15 This is how you are to treat all the cities that are at a distance from you and do not belong to the nations nearby.
    16 However, in the cities of the nations the LORD your God is giving you as an inheritance, do not leave alive anything that breathes. 17 Completely destroy [a] them—the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites—as the LORD your God has commanded you. 18 Otherwise, they will teach you to follow all the detestable things they do in worshiping their gods, and you will sin against the LORD your God.

    19 When you lay siege to a city for a long time, fighting against it to capture it, do not destroy its trees by putting an ax to them, because you can eat their fruit. Do not cut them down. Are the trees of the field people, that you should besiege them? [b] 20 However, you may cut down trees that you know are not fruit trees and use them to build siege works until the city at war with you falls.

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