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    Basic Islamic terms (OP)


    Asalamu Alaikum

    Every Muslim should remember these essential expressions.
    Note: Spellings may vary when translated to English
    These expressions are mostly singular. For example to say Allah baraka fiki to more than one person you would say Allah baraka fikum and as sister tathbeet noted to say Jazak Allah khieran for more than one person would be Jazakahu Allah khieran and so on. It is fine to speak in the masculine tense when speaking to women formally.

    Say When

    As salamu aleiykum

    when you meet a muslim
    Translation: Peace be upon you

    Waleiykum assalam
    a Muslim greets you
    Translation: And peace be upon you

    As salamu aleiykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
    formal and great greeting to a Muslim
    Translation: Peace and mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you

    Waleiykum assalam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
    a Muslim greets you
    Translation: And peace and mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you

    Hiyyak Allah
    When greeting someone after Salaams
    Translation: May Allah greet you

    Bismillah arRahman arRahim
    before making a beginning
    Translation: In the name of Allah most Gracious most Merciful

    Jazak Allah Khieran
    for expression of thanks
    Translation: May Allah reward you with blessings

    BarakAllahu feekum or Allah baraka fiki
    responding to someone’s thanks
    Translation: May Allah bless you

    Fi Amanullah
    by way of saying good-bye
    Translation: May Allah protect you

    Subhaanallah
    for praising something
    Translation: Glory be to Allah

    Insha Allah
    for expressing a desire to do something
    Translation: If Allah wills

    Astaghfirullah
    repenting for sins before Allah
    I beg Allah for forgiveness

    Masha Allah
    for expressing appreciation of something good
    As Allah has willed

    Alhamdulillah
    for showing gratitude to Allah after success or even after completing anything
    Praise be to Allah

    Ameen
    the end of a Dua or prayer
    Translation: May it be so

    Sal allahu aleihi wasallam
    whenever say the name of Prophet Muhammad
    Translation: Peace be upon him (S.A.W.)

    Alaihi salaam

    whenever say the name of a prophet
    Translation: Peace be upon him (A.S.)

    Radi Allah Anhu
    whenever say name of male companion of the Prophet (Sahabi)Translation: May Allah be pleased with him (R.A.)

    Radi Allah Anha
    whenever say name of female companion of the Prophet
    Translation: May Allah be pleased with her (R.A.)

    Radi Allah Anhum
    Plural form of saying companions of the Prophet
    May Allah be pleased with them (R.A.)

    Innaa lillaahi wa innaa ilayhi raaji'oon
    this is uttered as an expression upon hearing the news of some loss or some one's death
    Translation: To Allah we belong and to Him is our return

    aathama allaho ajrakom
    uttered to family of deceased
    Translation: may Allah make your ajer "reward" great

    Shukr Allaho sayikum
    uttered to people who attend aaza - when friends go to send condolences upon death of a person
    Translation: May Allah accept that your effort

    La hawla wala quwata illah billah
    during the time of troubles
    Translation: There is no strength nor power except Allah
    _________________

    A few more:

    Tawakkal-tu-Allah- rely on Allah solving a problem

    Tawkkalna-Alai-Allah - we have put our trust in Allah - waiting for a problem to be solved

    Rahmah Allah - Allah have Mercy on him - you see someone in distress

    Na'uzhu-bi-Allah - we seek refuge in Allah - showing your dislike

    Fe Sabeel Allah - in/for Allah's cause/way - you give charity/help people

    Atqaa Allah fear Allah you see someone doing a bad deed

    Hayyak Allah - Allah maintain your life - you greet someone

    Hasbi Allah - Allah will suffice me - you are in a difficult situation

    Azhak Allah sinnaka - May Allah keep you cheerful - you seek another Muslim with cheerful countenance



    A

    AL-HAMDU LILLAHI RABBIL 'ALAMIN
    This is a verse from the Qur'an that Muslims recite and say many times per day. Other than being recited daily during prayers, a Muslim reads this expression in every activity of his daily life. The meaning of it is: "Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds."

    A Muslim invokes the praises of Allah before he does his daily work; and when he finishes, he thanks Allah for His favors. A Muslim is grateful to Allah for all His blessings. It is a statement of thanks, appreciation, and gratitude from the creature to his Creator.

    ALLAHU AKBAR
    This statement is said by Muslims numerous times. During the call for prayer, during prayer, when they are happy, and wish to express their approval of what they hear, when they slaughter an animal, and when they want to praise a speaker, Muslims do say this expression of Allahu Akbar. Actually it is most said expression in the world. It’s meaning: "Allah is the Greatest." Muslims praise Allah in every aspect of life; and as such they say Allahu Akbar.

    ASSALAMU ALAIKUM
    This is an expression Muslims say whenever they meet one another. It is a statement of greeting with peace. The meaning of it is: "Peace be upon you."

    Muslims try to establish peace on earth even through the friendly relation of greeting and meeting one another.

    The other forms are: "Assalamu 'Alalikum Wa Rahmatullah," which means:"May the peace and the Mercy of Allah be upon you," and "Assalamu Alalikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh," which means:"May the peace, the mercy, and the blessings of Allah be upon you."

    ASTAGHFIRULLAH
    This is an expression used by a Muslim when he wants to ask Allah forgiveness. The meaning of it is: "I ask Allah forgiveness." A Muslim says this phrase many times, even when he is talking to another person. When a Muslim abstains from doing wrong, or even when he wants to prove that he is innocent of an incident he uses this expression. After every Salah (payer), a Muslim says this statement three times.

    A'UZU BILLAHI MINASHAITANIR RAJIM
    This is an expression and a statement that Muslims have to recite before reading to Qur'an, before speaking, before doing any work, before making a supplication, before taking ablution, before entering the wash room, and before doing many other daily activities. The meaning of this phrase is: "I seek refuge from Allah from the outcast Satan." Allah is the Arabic name of God.

    Satan is the source of evil and he always tries to misguide and mislead people. The Qur'an states that Satan is not an angel but a member of the Jinn, which are spiritual beings created by Allah. So the belief that Satan is a fallen angel is rejected in Islam.

    B

    BARAKALLAH
    This is an expression, which means: "May the blessings of Allah (be upon you)." When a Muslim wants to thank to another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is to say "Baraka Allah."
    BISMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHIM
    This is a phrase from the Qur'an that is recited before reading the Qur'an. It is to be read immediately after one reads the phrase: "A'uzu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajim."

    This phrase is also recited before doing any daily activity. The meaning of it is: "In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful."

    I

    IN SHA' ALLAH
    When a person wishes to plan for the future, when he promises, when he makes resolutions, and when he makes a pledge, he makes them with permission and the will of Allah. For this reason, a Muslim uses the Qur'anic instructions by saying "In Sha ' Allah." The meaning of this statement is: "If Allah wills." Muslims are to strive hard and to put their trusts with Allah. They leave the results in the hands of Allah.

    INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAHI RAJI'UN
    When a Muslim is struck with a calamity, when he loses one of his loved ones, or when he has gone bankrupt, he should be patient and say this statement, the meaning of which is: "We are from Allah and to whom we are returning."

    Muslims believe that Allah is the One who gives and it is He takes away. He is testing us. Hence, a Muslim submits himself to Allah. He is grateful and thankful to Allah for whatever he gets. On the other hand, he is patient and says this expression in times of turmoil and calamity.

    J

    JAZAKALLAHU KHAYRAN
    This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to the person who does a favor. Instead of saying "thanks" (Shukran), the Islamic statement of thanks is to say this phrase. It’s meaning is: " May Allah reward you for the good."

    It is understood that human beings can't repay one another enough. Hence, it is better to request Almighty Allah to reward the person who did a favor and to give him the best.

    K

    KALAM
    Talk or speech as in "kalamu Allah"; has also been used through the ages to mean logic or philosophy.

    L

    LA HAWLA WA LA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH
    The meaning of this expression is: " There is no power and no strength save in Allah." This expression is read by a Muslim when he is struck by a calamity, or is taken over by a situation beyond his control. A Muslim puts his trust in the hands of Allah, and submits himself to Allah.

    LA ILAHA ILLALLAH
    This expression is the most important one in Islam. It is the creed that every person has to say to be considered a Muslim. It is part of the first pillar of Islam. The meaning of which is: " There is no lord worthy of worship except Allah."

    The second part of this first pillar is to say: "Mohammedan Rasul Allah," which means:"Muhammad is the messenger of Allah."

    M

    MA SHA' ALLAH
    This is an expression that Muslims say whenever they are excited and surprised. When they wish to express their happiness, they use such an expression. The meaning of "Ma sha' Allah" is: "Whatever Allah wants." or "Whatever Allah wants to give, He gives." This means that whenever Allah gives something good to someone, blesses him, honors him, and opens the door of success in business, a Muslim says this statement of "Ma Sha' Allah."

    It has become a tradition that whenever a person constructs a building, a house, or an office, he puts a plaque on the wall or the entrance with this statement. It is a sign of thanks and appreciation from the person to Almighty Allah for whatever he was blessed with.

    MUHAMMADUN RASULULLAH
    This statement is the second part of the first pillar of Islam. The meaning of this part is that Prophet Muhammad is the last and final prophet and messenger of Allah to mankind. He is the culmination, summation, purification of the previous prophets of Allah to humanity.

    P

    P.B.U.H.
    These letters are abbreviations for the words Peace Be Upon Him which are the meaning of the Arabic expression " 'Alaihis Salam", which is an expression that is said when the name of a prophet is mentioned.

    This expression is widely used by English speaking Muslims. It is to be noticed here that this expression does not give the full meaning of "Salla Allahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam". Therefore it is recommended that people do not use (p.b.u.h.) after the name of prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.); they should use "Salla Allahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam" instead, or they may use the abbreviated form of (s.a.w) in writing.

    R

    RADHIALLAHU 'ANHU
    This is an expression to be used by Muslims whenever a name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.) is mentioned or used in writing. The meaning of this statement is: "May Allah be pleased with him."

    Muslims are taught to be respectful to the elderly and to those who contributed to the spread and success in Islam. They are to be grateful to the companions of the prophet (s.a.w.) for their sacrifices, their leadership, and their contributions. Muslims are advised to use this phrase when such names are mentioned or written.

    S

    SADAQALLAHUL 'AZIM
    This is a statement of truth that a Muslim says after reading any amount of verses from the Qur'an. The meaning of it is: "Allah says the truth."

    The Qur'an is the exact words of Allah in verbatim. When Allah speaks, He says the truth; and when the Qur'an is being recited, a Muslim is reciting the words of truth of Allah. Hence, he says: "Sadaqallahul 'Azim."

    SALLALLAHU 'ALAIHI WA SALLAM
    When the name of Prophet Muhammad (saw) is mentioned or written, a Muslim is to respect him and invoke this statement of peace upon him. The meaning of it is: "May the blessings and the peace of Allah be upon him (Muhammad).

    Another expression that is alternatively used is: "Alaihissalatu Wassalam." This expression means: "On Him (Muhammad) are the blessings and the peace of Allah."

    Allah has ordered Muslims, in the Qur'an, to say such an expression. Muslims are informed that if they proclaim such a statement once, Allah will reward them ten times.

    S.A.W. These letters are abbreviations for the words "Salla Allahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam".

    SUBHANAHU WA TA'ALA
    This is an expression that Muslims use whenever the name of Allah is pronounced or written. The meaning of this expression is: "Allah is pure of having partners and He is exalted from having a son."

    Muslims believe that Allah is the only God, the Creator of the Universe. He does not have partners or children. Sometimes Muslims use other expressions when the name of Allah is written or pronounced. Some of which are: "'Azza Wa Jall": He is the Mighty and the Majestic; "Jalla Jalaluh": He is the exalted Majestic.

    S.W.T. These letters are abbreviations for the words of "Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala".

    W

    WA 'ALAIKUM ASSALAM
    This is an expression that a Muslim is to say as an answer for the greeting. When a person greets another with a salutation of peace, the answer for the greeting is an answer of peace. The meaning of this statement is: "And upon you is the peace." The other expressions are: " Wa Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullah." and "Wa 'Alaikums Salam Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh."

    See also this thread, which expands a bit more on some of the terms:

    http://www.islamicboard.com/general/...ictionary.html
    Last edited by Insaanah; 10-20-2012 at 09:09 PM. Reason: Added other link for other thread
    5 | Likes Fakrun, Allahservant, fronze, agne, 'abd al-hakeem liked this post
    Basic Islamic terms

    D e a t h

    is the easiest
    of all things after it
    ; ;

    the hardest
    of all things before it

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    Re: Exclamations

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    Islamic Expressions

    taken from: http://www.geocities.com/mutmainaa/expressions.html

    _______________________________________
    There are a number of different collections of Islamic terms and common expressions. Here is a collection that I have found to be most useful to explain common expressions and terminology used by Muslims.



    ALAYHIS SALAM-
    'Peace be upon him', a formula used after the name of a prophet:saw:


    AMEEN-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'Please accept.' Used at the end of prayers and supplictions.


    ASSALAMU ALAYKUM
    'Peace be upon you' the greeting of the muslim
    [the reply is 'wa alaikumus salam' which means 'and peace be upon you. The fuller version reads, 'assalam u alaikum wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu' which means 'peace be upon you and the blessings and mercy of Alllah' the reply is 'wa alaikumus salam wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu']


    ALLAHU AKBAR-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'Allah is greater.' Also called the takbir


    ALLAHU ALAM-
    An Arabic expression meaning 'Allah knows best'


    AL HAMDU LILAH WA SHUKRU LILLAH-
    The Arabic expression meaning which means 'Praise belongs to Allah and all thanks to Allah'


    AMMA BAAD-
    An expression used for separating an introductory from the main topics in a speech; the introductory being usually concerned with Allahs praises and glorification. Literally it means 'whatever comes after'


    ASTAGFURALLAH-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'I ask forgiveness of Allah'


    AUDHU BILLAHI MIN ASH SHAYTAN AR RAJIM-

    The Arabic expression meaning 'I seek protection in Allah from the accursed satan.'


    AZZA WA JAL-
    A formula used after the mentioning the name of Allah meaning 'Mighty and Majestic is He'


    BARAKALLAH FIK-
    An expression which means 'May the blessings of Allah be upon you.' When a muslims wants to thank another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation and gratitude. One of them is BarakAllah


    BISMILLAH AR RAHMAN AR RAHIM-

    The basmala. 'In the name of Allah, the all Merciful the all Compassionate.'
    [this is also translated as in the name of Allah most gracious most merciful]


    FI AMANALLAH-
    Valedictory phrase meaning 'In Allahs protection'


    FI SABILILLAH-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'In the way of Allah', 'For the cause of Allah' [also used to mean 'for the love of Allah']


    HADHRAT/HAZRAT-
    Literally 'Presence'; a term of address roughly equivalent to 'Your Honour'


    HASBALA-

    The Arabic expression, 'Hasbunallah wa nimalwakil' meaning 'Allah is enough for us and an excellent guardian'. Usually known as 'Hasbi Allah'


    HAWQALA-
    The Arabic expression, 'la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah' which means 'There is no power nor strength save (expect) by Allah'


    INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAYHI RAJIUN-
    This is something which a muslim expresses when he is afflicted by a misfortune, the meaning of which is 'We are from Allah and to Him are we returning.' It is taken from an ayat (verse) from the Quran (ch 2 vs 156).
    [this is usually said upon hearing of the death of an individual]


    INSHALLAH-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'If Allah wills'
    [this is usually said when referring to a situation in the future e.g. inshAllah I will go to the grocery shop tomorrow etc]


    ISTIGHFAR-

    To ask the forgiveness of Allah, especially by saying, Astagfuralah, 'I seek the forgiveness of Allah'


    ISTITHNA-

    Exception, saying 'InshAllah', 'If Allah wills'


    ITAQILLAH-
    The Arabic expression meaning 'Fear Allah' - i.e. To fear to do something (i.e. a bad action), knowing that Allah is always watching.

    JALLA JALALUH-

    The formula said after the name of Allah meaning 'Great is His Majesty'


    JAZAKALLAHU KHAIRAN-
    This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to a person who does a favour. Instead of saying 'shukran' (thanks), this phrase is used. It means 'May Allah reward you with good.


    KARAM ALLAHU WAJHAHU-
    'May Allah honour him', a formula used when Ali ibn Abi Talib (RadiAllahu Ta'ala anhu) is mentioned


    LABBAYK-

    'At your service', the talbiya or call of the pilgrim to his Lord in the hajj.

    [the full talbiya is 'LabbaykAllah huma Labbayk, LabbaykAllah sharee kalala Labbayk, innal hamda, wa naimata lakawulmulk la shareekala' which means "Here I am O Lord, here I am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner."]


    LA HAWLA WALA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH-
    The meaning of this expression is 'There is no power nor strength save in Allah'. This is said by a muslim when he is struck with calamity, or is taken over by a situation beyond his control.


    LI WAJHILLAH-
    Literally, 'For the face of Allah', meaning in order to obtain the pleasure of Allah, purely for Allah himself.


    MA SALAMA-

    'With peace', a formula for ending letters


    MASHALLAH-
    A phrase literally meaning 'What Allah wishes', and it indicates a good omen
    [example of usage, I get an A in a test, my mother would say MashAllah]


    MALWANA
    'Our master', a term of respect
    [usually used in the context of referring to the Prophet :saw:, also however used in the context of referring to a learned individual e.g. scholar or imam, a concept I am not too keen on supporting and Allah knows best]


    RABBANA WA LAKAL_HAMD-

    'Our Lord, Praise if yours', said after rising from ruku after saying 'sami Allahuliman hamidah'
    [which means 'Allah listens to the one who praises him']


    RADIYALLAHU ANHA-

    The formula 'May Allah be pleased with her' used after a female companion
    [usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


    RADIYALLAHU ANHU-
    This is an expression to be used by muslims whenever a name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammed is mentioned or used in writing. IT means 'May Allah be pleased with him'
    [usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


    RADIYALLAHU ANHUM-

    The formula, 'May Allah be pleased with them', used after a group of companions
    [usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]


    RAHIMAHULLAH-

    The formula, 'May Allah have mercy on him'


    SALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM-
    'May Allah bless him and grant him peace', the formula spoken after the mentioning of the Prophet Muhammed:saw:
    [usually the following two sets of abbreviations are used for this phrase (pbuh) which means 'peace be upon him' and is the technical reply for all Prophets or (saws) the correct suffix when referring to the Prophet Muhammed:saw: ]


    SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH-
    'Allah heard him who send praise to Him', said by someone praying when he rises from ruku (unless he is following an imam in prayer)
    [if he is following an imam in prayer he says 'Rabana wala kalhamd' only]


    SAYYIDUNA-
    'Our Master', a term of respect. Literally means 'Lord' or 'Master, or 'Leader'
    [usually used to refer to the Prophet Muhammed :saw:, however many people use it to refer to learned man / scholar, a practise I am not keen on - and Allah knows best]. It is also frequently used to denote a descendant of the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam)


    SHUYUKH -

    Magestic plural of Shaykh, literally meaning 'Old man' - an honorific title widely used to denote scholars, as well as tribal chieftians and notables.

    SIDI-
    Colloquial for 'Sayyidi' or 'Sayyiduna' - My 'Lord/Master/Leader' - an honorific term - especially popular in North Africa.


    SUBHANALLAH-
    'Glorified is Allah.' To honour Allah andmake Him free from all (unsuitable evil things) that are ascribed to Him, (or 'Glorified be Allah')


    SUBHANAHU WA TA'ALA-
    'Glorified is He and exalted,' an expression that muslims use when the name of Allah is pronounced or written
    [this us usually abbreviated as (swt)]


    TA'ALA-
    'Exalted is He', an expression used after the name of Allah is mentioned
    [i.e. Allah Ta'ala meaning, Allah, exalted be He]


    TAAWWUDH-
    Saying, 'I seek refuge in Allah...' (audhu billahi minash shaitan nirajeem)


    TABARAKALLAH-
    The formula 'Blessed is Allah' [usually used in the context of when one hears good news]


    TAHMID-
    Saying the expression 'alhamdulillah', which means 'Praise belongs to Allah'


    TAKBIR-

    Saying 'Allahu akbar', which means 'Allah is Great'


    TALBIYA-
    Saying 'Labbayk', which means 'At your service' during the hajj


    TAMJID-
    Glorifying Allah


    TARDIYA-
    Saying one of the expressions which begin with 'radiyallahu....'


    TASBIH-
    Glorification, saying 'SubhanAllah', which means 'Glory be to Allah'


    TASHMIT -

    Uttering a prayer for the sneezer which thes the form, 'yarhamuk Allah' which means 'may Allah have mercy on you'
    [when a person sneezes he says, Ahamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), a person who hears the sneeze says 'yarhamuk Allah' and the sneezer replies 'Yahdikumul-lah wa Yuslih balakum' which means 'May Allah give you guidance and improve your condition.']


    ULAMA -
    Scholars, or learned men. Especially applied to religious scholars, but often used also for those learned in other branches of knowledge.


    WAJHULLAH -

    'The face of Allah', meaning for the sake of Allah, irrespective of any reward in this life, purely for Allah'


    ZAWIYA -
    Lodge of religious order or fraternity

    Basic Islamic terms

    "Our Body is form Earth, so its sustainance is from Earth. Our Soul is from Allah, so its sustainance is from Allah."
    -unknown-

    -------------------------------------------


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    Re: Exclamations

    Basic Islamic terms

    "Our Body is form Earth, so its sustainance is from Earth. Our Soul is from Allah, so its sustainance is from Allah."
    -unknown-

    -------------------------------------------


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    Re: Exclamations

    A

    Adhan - Call to prayer.
    Ahlul-Kitaab - "People of the Book". A qur'anic term for Jews and Christians.
    Akhirah - The day of judgment.
    Al-Fatiha - The first Surah in the Qura'an.
    Al-Jannah - "The Garden"; paradise.
    Allah - God.
    Al-Quds - "The Holy"; Jerusalem.
    Al-Saum - The fast.
    Arafat - A famous place of pilgrimage, south-east of Makkah.
    'Asr - Afternoon prayer.
    Ayat - Verses, proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations.

    B


    Baitullah - "House of Allah"; mosque.
    bismillah -in the name of Allah
    C

    Caliph - Imam or muslim ruler.
    Caliphate - Muslim state.

    D


    Dawah - Dissemination of the message of Islam; invitation to become a muslim.
    Deen - Faith.
    dua' -suplication
    E

    Eid Al-Adha
    - The four day celebration starting on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijja (the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
    Eid Al-Fitr - The three day celebration breaking the fast of Ramadan.

    F

    Fajr - Dawn (before sunrise) prayer.
    Fatwa - Islamic ruling.

    H

    Hadith - Report of a statement or action of the Prophet
    Hady - Animal sacrificed by the pilgrim during Hajj.
    Hajj - (Major) pilgrimage. One of the five pillars of Islam. The pilgrimage to Makkah is required of every able Muslim at least once in a lifetime.
    Halal - Lawful or permissible.
    Haram - Unlawful or forbidden.
    Hijab - "Covering".
    Hijra - To leave one area and move to another, to emigrate.

    I

    Iftaar - The light meal eaten by Muslims breaking their fast after sunset.
    Imam - Leader of prayer, muslim caliph.
    Iman - Faith, belief.
    Iqamat Al-Salat - The offering of prayers perfectly.
    'Isha' - Late evening prayer.
    Islam - Submission, surrender and obedience (to God)
    Isa -jesus
    J

    Jama'at - A group of people, a party with a common manifesto.
    Jannah - Heaven, paradise
    Jihad - :quot;Struggle"; defense of Islam.

    K

    Ka'ba - The house built by Abraham with the help of his son Ishmael. The holy Qur'an says that this was the first house built for mankind, located in Makkah, where muslims go for the Hajj.
    Kafir - Concealer (disbeliever).
    Kufr - To conceal (disbelief).

    M

    Maghrib -
    Sunset (evening) prayer.
    Makrouh - Though not haram (forbidden), this is something that is disliked or offensive.
    Malak - Literally means &message-bearer& and in Islamic texts to refer to Angels.
    Marwah - A small hill, which protects the Ka'ba from the north.
    Masajid - Plural of Masjid.
    Masjid - Mosque; the place where salat or prayer is offered, also serves as the center of all activities of the muslim ummah.
    Muhrim - One who assumes the state of Ihram for the purpose of performing the Hajj or 'Umra.
    Muhrima - A female in the state of Ihram.
    Muhsar - A Muhrim who intends to perform the Hajj or 'Umra but cannot because of some obstacle.
    Mujahid - A Muslim warrior in Jihad.
    Mu'min - Faithful.
    Muslim - Obedient servant of God.
    Muttaqun - Pious and righteous persons who fear and love Allah.

    Q

    Qiblah - The direction in which all Muslims turn their faces in prayers — towards the Ka'ba in Makkah.

    R

    Ramadan - The month of fasting; the ninth month of the Hijri calendar.
    Riba' - Usury (forbidden).
    Risalah - Prophethood.

    S


    Saheeh - "Sound" or "correct", referring to authentic hadith.
    Salat - Prayer. One of the five pillars of Islam.
    Shari'ah - Divine law.
    Sawm - Fasting. One of the five pillars of Islam.
    Shari'ah - Divine law.
    Shaita'n/satan -devil
    Suhoor - The meal eaten by fasting muslims just before dawn.
    Sunnah - "Way", "manner" or "method" (of the Prophet).

    T

    Takfeer - To declare kufr (disbelief) about someone or denounce them as a disbeliever.
    Tawhid - Monotheism.

    U

    Ummah - Nation or community.
    'Umrah - (Minor) pilgrimage.

    Y

    Yehoodi
    - Jew.

    Z

    Zamzam - The sacred well inside the Haram (grand mosque) at Makkah.
    Zanadiqa - Athiests.
    Zakat - Poor's due. One of the five pillars of Islam.
    Zuhr - Noon, mid-day prayer.

    Basic Islamic terms

    "Our Body is form Earth, so its sustainance is from Earth. Our Soul is from Allah, so its sustainance is from Allah."
    -unknown-

    -------------------------------------------


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    Basic Islamic Sayings

    Sense I am a new convert and I know how hard it is to try to learn as much as possible and such a short time. It seems like once you convert you have so much to learn. When I first started learning about Islam and reading Islamic material I would come across words/phrases that I didn't know. I would have to go online to find what the word meant, ask somebody if they knew, or just assume what it meant.

    So I'am posting some basic Islamic Sayings for new converts and people of other faiths/backgrounds to learn. I hope this helps you all. If I have made any mistakes please be kind enough to correct me! Thank you all!

    Bismillah- In the Name of Allah (Say this before you start something)

    Assalaam Alaikum -Peace be up on you. (Muslims say this every time they greet someone who is also Muslim)

    Wa Alaikum assalaam -And peace be upon you (What you say after someone greets you saying Assalaam Alaikum)

    Inshallah -If Allah wishes or If Allah wills (You say this every time you say something that will be done in the future)

    Mashallah-What Allah wishes (This is usually said when you are complimenting something or you see/hear something that pleases you)

    Alhamdulillah-All Praise be to Allah (Say this after you sneeze)

    Yarhamukallah-May Allah bestow His mercy on you. (say this when somebody sneezes after they say Alhamdulillah)

    Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam-May the Peace and Blessings of Allah be upon Him. (Say this when the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is mentioned)

    Allah Alum- Allah knows best


    Other Common Sayings/Dua's

    La ilaha illallahu Muhammadur-Rasulullah- None has the right to be worshipped except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.

    Bismillahi tawakkaltu alal-lahi wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah-In the Name of Allah, I trust in Allah and there is no strength nor power except with Allah. (Say this when you leave your house)

    Bismillahi walajna wa bismillahi kharajna wa ala Rabbina tawakkalna-In the Name of Allah we enter, and in the Name of Allah we leave, and we trust in Our Lord. (Say this when you enter your house)

    Jasakallahu Khayra-May Allah give you a better reward. (say this when someone does something good for you.)

    Bismika Allahumma amutu wa ahya-By your Name, O Allah, I die and live. (Say this before you intend to sleep)

    Alhamdu lilahil-ladhi ahyana ba da ma amatana wa ilayhin-nushur-All praise be to Allah who revived us to life after giving us death and to Him we shall return. (Say when you wake up from sleep)

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    Re: Basic Islamic Sayings

    Asalam alaikum sister,
    Great post!!!! I am a new revert too and this is soooo helpful.
    JazakAllah.

    Is there a word for something like saying please?

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    Re: Basic Islamic Sayings

    Im born muslim, and it was very helpful

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms



    Threads Merged laying:
    Basic Islamic terms



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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    Wow talk about information overload...I just became Muslim ..can someone give a list of those that every Muslim is _required to know_ I have a piece of paper i want to write the ones i _need_ on ( i use a Library computer) so when i go home i can memorize these.
    Basic Islamic terms

    The Qur'an, O' the Qur'an!
    Soul-filling reading is the Qur'an!


    [MOUSE]
    Read The Qur'an and Inshallah you will find Guidance![/MOUSE]

    I am now Muslim!

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms



    I am requesting permission to copy and paste the OP and some of the replies submitted above. Wanna use them on one of my discussion boards for the use of our Muslim brothers and sisters.

    Thanks.

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    This was so helpful to me! Thank you!

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    Wink zina



    what does zina mean?
    thanks in advance



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    Re: zina

    i thing it means beautiful girl it came from zin which means the beauty and god know better

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms



    zina = can be translated to mean, extramarital sex, adultery, fornication having sex without being married
    Basic Islamic terms




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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    congratulation brother what you have to do after reading the holy quran is to know hot to do el salat properly ask for the book of Naser El Din El Albany "the prophet pray describe", and you should ask also for the most important book in Islam after the coran which is " SAHIH BUKHARI BOOK" and my Allah help you for everything

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    Re: Exclamations

    AsSalam Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuhu.

    I have added a long list here
    Glossary of Terms for the non-Muslim and the new Muslim


    This is an effort to bring the English meanings of some of the commonly used terms in the books of Islaam. It is hoped that this can become a reference for non-Muslims all around the world and for the new Muslims, those who have just reverted to Islaam, when it comes to basic Islaamic terminology.
    Sources Used: “The Evil of Craving For Wealth and Status” by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee. Pgs. 56-58
    “Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies” by Shaykh Saleh al-Fawzaan
    “Explanation of the Creed” by Imaam al-Barbahaaree

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    thank you now i know wot they mean thank you everyone

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    wot does Mubarak mean?

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    Quote Originally Posted by *charisma* View Post
    Waleiykum assalam
    a Muslim greets you
    Translation: And peace be upon you
    Asalaamu alaikum,

    To be more accurate, it is permissible to return the greeting of a non-Muslim who greets you with "Asalaamu alaikum" with Wa alaikum. If you look for fatwah number 4975 on Islamqa's site, you'll find the ruling. Since I'm a non-Muslim who was greeting Muslims, I had to look into it extensively.


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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    Quote Originally Posted by marina28 View Post
    wot does Mubarak mean?
    It means blessed.
    2 | Likes جوري, Marina-Aisha liked this post
    Basic Islamic terms


    Stunningly beautiful adhaan from the Dome of the Rock in Masjid ul Aqsa
    Download (right click and choose "save target/link as").


    This is a clear message for mankind in order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is only One God, and that those of understanding may take heed (14:52)


    Indeed Allah knows, and you know not (16: 74, part)

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    Re: Basic Islamic terms

    thank you, but people were takin long to answer md so i googled it lol thanx anyways

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